3rd Quarter Palay Situation in MIMAROPA

Date: 

Friday, January 17, 2020

Reference Number: 

2020-082

Special Release
PALAY SITUATION IN MIMAROPA
JULY TO SEPTEMBER 2019

MIMAROPA CONTRIBUTES 3.3 PERCENT TO THE COUNTRY’S TOTAL PALAY PRODUCTION IN THE THIRD QUARTER OF 2019

In the third quarter of 2019, the total volume of palay production in MIMAROPA Region was estimated at 99,191 metric tons.  The region ranked twelfth among 16 palay producing regions in the country.

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Palay Production Survey

 

MIMAROPA’s palay production of 99,191 metric tons in July - September 2019 contributed 3.3 percent to the overall production of palay in the country.

Figure 2. Volume of Palay Production and Percentage Share
by Region, Philippines: July-September 2019

(Production in Metric Tons)

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Palay Production Survey

 

 

Among all provinces in MIMAROPA, Palawan got the largest share of
69.8 percent or 69,270 metric tons on the production of palay for July to September 2019. Oriental Mindoro followed with 21,858 metric tons or 22.0 percent, while Occidental Mindoro posted a total of 7,373 metric tons or 7.4 percent of the total palay production in the region. Romblon and Marinduque lagged behind with a combined share of 0.7 percent or 690 metric tons of palay.

 

Figure 3. Volume of Production and Percentage Share
by Province: July-September 2019

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Palay Production Survey

 

Looking into the production of palay by type of ecosystem, 77.7 percent of the total volume of palay production in MIMAROPA was grown in irrigated farms in the third quarter of 2019. Meanwhile, 18.6 percent was produced from rainfed farms and 3.7 percent of the total production was harvested from upland farms.

 

Figure 4. Percentage Share of Produced Palay by Ecosystem Type,
MIMAROPA: July-September 2019

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Palay Production Survey

 

Volume of palay production decreases by 20.9 percent

Total palay production in the region of 99,191 metric tons during the third quarter of 2019 went down by 20.9 percent or about 26,142 metric tons lower from 125,333 metric tons during the same quarter in 2018.

All provinces in the MIMAROPA region posted a decline in the total palay production during the third quarter of 2019. Oriental Mindoro declined by 11,717 metric tons or 34.9 percent, Palawan declined by 7,725 metric tons or 10.0 percent, Romblon declined by 3,305 metric tons or 84.2 percent, Occidental Mindoro declined by 2,120 metric tons or 22.3 percent, and   Marinduque declined by 1,545 metric tons or 92.7 percent.

 

Figure 5. Volume of Production by Province:
July-September 2019 and July-September 2018

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Palay Production Survey

 

Both irrigated farms and rainfed farms experienced reduction in producing palay. Relative to the production in July – September 2019, irrigated farms registered 19,567 metric tons or 20.3 percent decline while rainfed farms posted 7,007 metric tons or 27.5 percent decrease. Produced palay form Upland farms, on the other hand, increased to 3,677 metric tons, which was 13.3 percent higher than its production in the same period of 2018.

 

Figure 6. Volume of Palay Production by Type of Ecosystem,
MIMAROPA: July-September 2019 and July-September 2018

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Palay Production Survey

 

Total area harvested shrinks by 19.5 percent

Total palay harvested area of 24,414 hectares in the region during July – September 2019 declined by 5,897 hectares or 19.5 percent from 30,311 hectares in the same quarter of 2018.

All provinces in the MIMAROPA region posted a decrease in the total palay harvested during the third quarter of 2019. Marinduque decreased by 496 hectares or 92.1 percent, Romblon decreased by 958 hectares or 84.6 percent, Oriental Mindoro decreased by 3,001 hectares or 37.5 percent, Occidental Mindoro decreased by 538 hectares or 24.9 percent, and   Palawan decreased by 904 hectares or 4.9 percent.

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Palay Production Survey

 

During third quarter of 2019, area harvested from irrigated farms posted a decline of 4,299 hectares or 19.5 percent from its area harvested in the same period of 2018. Likewise, rainfed farms experienced 1,896 hectares or 28.3 percent cutback. Meanwhile, upland farms registered an increase of 298 hectares or 18.8 percent from its level in the same period in 2018.

Figure 8. Area Harvested by Type of Ecosystem, MIMAROPA:
July-September 2019 and July-September 2018

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Palay Production Survey

 

Average palay yield per hectare contracts slightly by 1.7 percent

The average palay yield in the MIMAROPA Region was posted at 4.1 metric tons per hectare during the third quarter of 2019. This was 1.7 percent lower than the average yield in the same quarter of the previous year.

 

 

 

 

Figure 9. Average Palay Yield by Province, MIMAROPA:
July-September 2019

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Palay Production Survey

 

Among all provinces in the region, only Occidental and Oriental Mindoro’s average palay yield were registered above the regional average with
4.6 and 4.4 metric tons per hectares, respectively.

The provinces of Oriental Mindoro, Occidental Mindoro, and Romblon incurred an increase in the average palay yield during July – September 2019 with 4.2 percent, 3.5 percent and 2.7 percent, respectively.

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

 

Palay Production Survey (PPS) is a major quarterly agricultural survey conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority. Its main objective is to generate estimates and forecasts of palay production, area and yield, and other production-related data that serve as inputs to the Performance of Agriculture Report, and accordingly to the preparation of the Gross Domestic Product. The survey also supports the data needs of planners, policy and decision makers on palay/rice, and stakeholders in the agricultural sector, and the general public.

PPS covers sample farming households in sample barangays in all provinces in the country except Batanes, but including Zamboanga City and Davao City. Data gathered in this survey are as follows: (1) production, area planted/harvested and yield by ecosystem and by seed type; (2) usage of seeds, fertilizer and pesticides; (3) source of irrigation water and adequacy, monthly distribution of production and area harvested; (4) farm household disposition of production;
(5) area with standing crop, farmer’s planting intention for the quarter; and
(6) farmer’s awareness and availment of palay program interventions.

Palay production refers to the quantity of palay produced and actually harvested during the reference period. It includes those harvested but damaged, stolen, given away, consumed, given as harvesters’ and thresher’s shares, reserved, etc. Palay production from seed growers which are intended for seed purposes is excluded from the survey.

Three ecosystem types are considered in palay production. These are as follows:

  1. Irrigated ecosystem refers to area with irrigation facilities supplying water through gravity, force/power, pump, and other artificial means.
  2. Palay grown on a rainfed ecosystem has dikes that retain water and solely dependent upon rainfall for its water supply.
  3. Palay grown on an upland ecosystem does not have amenities for standing water. It is usually located along elevated lands, along rivers, between hills, or hillsides. Upland type is confined not only to high places or hillsides but also to areas having no facilities for standing water.

Area harvested refers to the actual area from which harvests are realized. This excludes crop areas which were totally damaged. For palay, the harvest area refers to the effective area harvested during the reference quarter.

Yield is an indicator of production derived by dividing the total production by the area harvested.

 

LENI R. RIOFLORIDO
Regional Director

 

MLB / RRL / JRCG

 

 

 

 

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