4th Quarter 2019 Corn Situation in MIMAROPA

Date: 

Friday, February 14, 2020

Reference Number: 

2020-085

Special Release
CORN SITUATION IN MIMAROPA
OCTOBER TO DECEMBER 2019

 

MIMAROPA CONTRIBUTES 0.8 PERCENT TO THE COUNTRY’S TOTAL CORN PRODUCTION IN THE FOURTH QUARTER OF 2019

 

Total volume of corn production in the MIMAROPA Region was estimated at about 12,654 metric tons in October-December 2019.  The region ranked fourteenth among 16 corn producing regions in the country.

 

Figure 1. Volume of Corn Production by Region:
October-December 2019

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey

 

MIMAROPA’s corn production of 12,654 metric tons in the fourth quarter of 2019 contributed 0.8 percent to the overall corn production in the country.

 

Figure 2. Volume of Corn Production and Percentage Share
by Region, Philippines: October-December 2019

(Production in Metric Tons)

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey

 

Among provinces in MIMAROPA, Palawan got the largest share of 5,601 metric tons or 44.3 percent on the production of corn for the fourth quarter of 2019. Occidental Mindoro followed with 4,440 metric tons or 35.1 percent, while Oriental Mindoro posted a total of 2,008 metric tons or 15.9 percent of the total corn production in the region.   Romblon and Marinduque lagged behind with a combined share of 4.8 percent or a total of 605 metric tons of corn.

 

Figure 3. Volume of Production and Percentage Share
by Province: October-December 2019

(Production in Metric Tons)

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey

 

Corn produced in the MIMAROPA Region were predominantly yellow during fourth quarter of 2019, which was 66.7 percent or 8,435 metric tons of the total volume of corn production in the region. Corns produced in Oriental Mindoro, Palawan, and Occidental Mindoro were predominantly yellow with the corresponding share of 95.3 percent, 68.7 percent, and 58.6 percent to the total corn production in their respective provinces. Meanwhile, corns produced in Marinduque and Romblon were predominantly white with 78.4 percent and 95.0 percent share to the regional corn production in their respective province.

 

Figure 4: Percentage Share and Volume of
Production by Type of Corn and by Province:

October-December 2019:
(Production in Metric Tons)

 

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey

 

Volume of corn production slightly increase by 0.4 percent

Total corn production in the region of 12,654 metric tons in the fourth quarter of 2019 was 0.4 percent or about 45 metric tons higher than 12,609 metric tons of produced corn during the same quarter in 2018. The increase in corn production was due to the boosts in the production lead by Occidental Mindoro with 438 metric tons or 10.9 percent higher than 4,002 metric tons during October-December 2018.

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey

 

In terms of the total volume of production within MIMAROPA by type of corn, the production of yellow decreased by 12.6 percent, from 9,651 metric tons to 8,435 metric tons during the fourth quarter of 2019. Meanwhile, the production of white corn boosted from 2,958 metric tons to 4,219 metric tons or about 42.6 percent higher compared to the same period of 2018.

 

Total corn area harvested decreases by 0.3 percent

Total area harvested for all types of corn in MIMAROPA during the fourth quarter of 2019 declined by 13 hectares or 0.3 percent lower compared to its total area harvested from the same quarter in 2018.

This decline was due to the cutback of 359 hectares or 16.8 percent in Palawan’s total area harvested from 2,138 hectares in the fourth quarter of 2018 down to 1,779 in same period in 2019.

 

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey

 

Area harvested for yellow corns in October-December 2019 shrank to 2,349 hectares. This was 13.1 percent or 353 hectares lower than the total area harvested of 2,702 hectares in the same period last year. In contrast, white corn’s total area harvested of 1,862 hectares in the fourth quarter of 2019 posted a 22.3 percent or 340 hectares from 1,522 hectares in the same period last year.

 

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey

 

Corn yield remains at 3.0 metric tons per hectare

During the fourth quarter of 2019, the average corn yield in the MIMAROPA Region was posted at 3.0 metric tons per hectare.

 

Figure 9. Corn Yield by Province, MIMAROPA: October-December 2019

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey

 

Occidental Mindoro posted the highest corn yield in the region with 3.2 metric tons per hectare. It was followed by Palawan and Oriental Mindoro with 3.1 metric tons per hectare and 3.0 metric tons per hectare, respectively.  The yield of these provinces exceeded the regional average yield.

Meanwhile, Marinduque showed an increase in yield by 5.1 percent or 0.1 metric tons per hectare from 1.4 metric tons per hectare during fourth quarter of 2018 to 1.5 metric tons per hectare of the same period in 2019. In contrast,  the decline on the average corn yield was observed in the provinces of Oriental Mindoro and Romblon. Corn yield production in Oriental Mindoro declined by 1.6 percent or 0.05 metric tons  lower than its corn yield production of 3.05 metric tons per hectare in the same quarter of 2018. Romblon incurred a decrease of 9.4 percent or 0.2 metric tons per hectare from its corn yield of 1.9 metric tons per hectare in the fourth quarter of 2018.     

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

 

Corn Production Survey (CPS) is a major quarterly agricultural survey conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority. Its main objective is to generate estimates and forecasts of corn production, area and yield, and other production-related data that serve as inputs to the Performance of Agriculture Report, and accordingly to the preparation of the Gross Domestic Product. The survey also supports the data needs of planners, policy and decision makers on corn, and stakeholders in the agricultural sector, and the general public.

Data gathered in CPS are as follows: (1) production, area planted / harvested and yield by ecosystem and by seed type; (2) usage of seeds, fertilizer and pesticides; (3) source of irrigation water and adequacy, monthly distribution  of production and area harvested; (4) farm household disposition of production; (5) area with standing crop, farmer’s planting intention for the quarter; and (6) farmer’s awareness and availment of corn program interventions.

Corn production refers to the quantity of corn produced and actually harvested during the reference period. It includes those harvested but damaged, stolen, given away, consumed, given as harvesters’ and thresher’s shares, reserved, etc. Corn production from seed growers which are intended for seed purposes is excluded from the survey.

Two types of corn harvested are considered in corn production. These are as follows:

  1. White corn is a type of corn used primarily for human consumption.
  2. Yellow corn is generally used as feed grains. It includes all types of corn other than white corn.

Area harvested refers to the actual area from which harvests are realized. This excludes crop areas which were totally damaged. The harvest area refers to the effective area on corn where harvesting is done during the reference quarter.

Yield is an indicator of production derived by dividing the total production by the area harvested.

 

LENI R. RIOFLORIDO

Regional Director

 

MLB / RRL / JRCG

 

 

 

File: 

Tags: