4th Quarter 2019 Palay Situation in MIMAROPA

Date: 

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Reference Number: 

2020-083

Special Release

PALAY SITUATION IN MIMAROPA

OCTOBER TO DECEMBER 2019

 

MIMAROPA CONTRIBUTES 8.8 PERCENT TO THE COUNTRY’S TOTAL PALAY PRODUCTION IN THE FOURTH QUARTER OF 2019

In the fourth quarter of 2019, the total volume of palay production in MIMAROPA Region was estimated at 659,346 metric tons.  The region ranked fifth among 16 palay producing regions in the country.

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Palay Production Survey

 

MIMAROPA’s palay production of 659,346 metric tons in October-December 2019 contributed 8.8 percent to the overall production of palay in the country.

Figure 2. Volume of Palay Production and Percentage Share
by Region, Philippines: October-December 2019

(Production in Metric Tons)

Among all provinces in MIMAROPA, Occidental Mindoro got the largest share of 39.7 percent or 261,661 metric tons on the production of palay for October-December 2019. Oriental Mindoro followed with 30.2 percent or 199,153 metric tons, while Palawan posted a total of 177,088 metric tons or 26.9 percent of the total palay production in the region. Romblon and Marinduque lagged behind with a combined share of 3.3 percent or  
21,444 metric tons of palay.

Figure 3. Volume of Production and Percentage Share
by Province: October-December 2019

Looking into the production of palay by type of ecosystem, 65.6 percent of the total volume of palay production in MIMAROPA was grown in irrigated farms in the fourth quarter of 2019. Meanwhile, 33.5 percent was produced from rainfed farms and 0.9 percent of the total production was harvested from upland farms.

Figure 4. Percentage Share of Produced Palay by Ecosystem Type,
MIMAROPA: October-December 2019

Volume of palay production increases by 7.1 percent

MIMAROPA Region’s total palay production of 659,346 metric tons during the fourth quarter of 2019 went up by 7.1 percent or about 43,921 metric tons higher from 615,425 metric tons during the same quarter in 2018.

All provinces in the region, except Marinduque, incurred an increase in the total palay production in fourth quarter of 2019.  Occidental Mindoro led the increase in palay production with 6,438 metric tons or 2.5 percent. This was followed by Oriental Mindoro with an increase of 10,024 metric tons (5.3 percent), Palawan increased by 26,231 metric tons (17.4 percent), and Romblon increased by 1,423 metric tons (9.0 percent), respectively. On the other hand, Marinduque registered a cutback of 195 metric or 4.5 percent lower than its palay production in same quarter in the previous year.

Figure 5. Volume of Production by Province:

October-December 2019 and October-December 2018

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Palay Production Survey

Total volume of palay produced in all ecosystem types went up during fourth quarter of 2019. Palay produced in irrigated, rainfed, and upland farms increased by 33,632 metric tons or 8.4 percent, 9,662 metric tons or 4.6 percent, and 627 metric tons or 11.8 percent, in October-December 2019, respectively.

Figure 6. Volume of Palay Production by Type of Ecosystem,
MIMAROPA: October-December 2019 and October-December 2018

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Palay Production Survey

Total area harvested goes up by 3.2 percent

Total palay harvested area of 155,479 hectares in the region during October – December 2019 posted an increase of 4,797 hectares or 3.2 percent higher than its 150,682 hectares in the same quarter of 2018.

The increase in palay production in the total area harvested was due to the boost of production led by Palawan with 2,666 hectares or 6.9 percent and followed by Oriental Mindoro with 1, 891 hectares or 4.3 percent.

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Palay Production Survey

During fourth quarter of 2019, area harvested from irrigated, rainfed and upland farms went up by 3,431 metric tons or 3.7 percent, 920 metric tons or 1.7 percent, and 446 hectares or 20.6 percent, respectively. 

Figure 8. Area Harvested by Type of Ecosystem, MIMAROPA:
October-December 2019 and October-December 2018

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Palay Production Survey

Average palay yield per hectare boosts by 3.8 percent

The average palay yield in the MIMAROPA Region was posted at 4.2 metric tons per hectare during the fourth quarter of 2019. This was 3.8 percent higher than the average yield in the same quarter of the previous year.

Figure 9. Average Palay Yield by Province, MIMAROPA:
October-December 2019

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Palay Production Survey

Provinces of Occidental Mindoro, Oriental Mindoro and Palawan’s average palay yield were registered above the regional average yield with
average yield of 4.3 metric tons per hectare for each abovementioned province.

In terms of average yield in palay production, in October-December 2019, provinces of Occidental and Oriental Mindoro, Palawan, and Romblon got an increase in their respective average yield of 2.6 percent or 0.1  metric ton per hectare, 1.0 percent or 0.04 metric ton per hectare, 9.8 percent or 0.4 metric ton per hectare, and 1.8 percent or 0.1 metric ton per hectare, relative to their average palay yield in the same quarter in 2018. In contrast, only Marinduque incurred a decrease in average palay yield with 1.6 percent or 0.05 metric ton per hectare from its average yield of 2.8 metric tons per hectare during the fourth quarter of 2018.

 

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

 

Palay Production Survey (PPS) is a major quarterly agricultural survey conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority. Its main objective is to generate estimates and forecasts of palay production, area and yield, and other production-related data that serve as inputs to the Performance of Agriculture Report, and accordingly to the preparation of the Gross Domestic Product. The survey also supports the data needs of planners, policy and decision makers on palay/rice, and stakeholders in the agricultural sector, and the general public.

 

PPS covers sample farming households in sample barangays in all provinces in the country except Batanes, but including Zamboanga City and Davao City. Data gathered in this survey are as follows: (1) production, area planted/harvested and yield by ecosystem and by seed type; (2) usage of seeds, fertilizer and pesticides; (3) source of irrigation water and adequacy, monthly distribution of production and area harvested; (4) farm household disposition of production;
(5) area with standing crop, farmer’s planting intention for the quarter; and
(6) farmer’s awareness and availment of palay program interventions.

 

Palay production refers to the quantity of palay produced and actually harvested during the reference period. It includes those harvested but damaged, stolen, given away, consumed, given as harvesters’ and thresher’s shares, reserved, etc. Palay production from seed growers which are intended for seed purposes is excluded from the survey.

 

Three ecosystem types are considered in palay production. These are as follows:

  1. Irrigated ecosystem refers to area with irrigation facilities supplying water through gravity, force/power, pump, and other artificial means.
  2. Palay grown on a rainfed ecosystem has dikes that retain water and solely dependent upon rainfall for its water supply.
  3. Palay grown on an upland ecosystem does not have amenities for standing water. It is usually located along elevated lands, along rivers, between hills, or hillsides. Upland type is confined not only to high places or hillsides but also to areas having no facilities for standing water.

 

Area harvested refers to the actual area from which harvests are realized. This excludes crop areas which were totally damaged. For palay, the harvest area refers to the effective area harvested during the reference quarter.

 

Yield is an indicator of production derived by dividing the total production by the area harvested.

 

 

 

 

(SGD) LENI R. RIOFLORIDO

Regional Director

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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