Labor Force Participation Rate in MIMAROPA is 61.3 percent
Out of the estimated 2.1 million population 15 years old and over in MIMAROPA Region, there were 1.3 million persons in the labor force in April 2019. It translated to a labor force participation rate (LFPR) of 61.3 percent in April 2019 which was lower by 0.7 percentage point compared to the reported 62.0 percent LFPR in April 2018.
Meanwhile, the region’s LFPR was lower by 0.1 percentage point to the country’s LFPR of 61.4 percent in April 2019.
Figure 1. Labor Force Participation Rate, Philippines and MIMAROPA Region: April 2019 and April 2018
Employment rate is recorded at 95.3 percent
The total number of employed persons in MIMAROPA Region was estimated at 1.3 million in April 2019. It translated to the region’s employment rate of 95.3 percent. This was higher by 0.5 percentage points from 94.8 percent employment rate in the same period of 2018.
Relative to the employment rate of 94.9 percent at the national level, the employment rate in the MIMAROPA Region was higher by 0.4 percentage point.
More males are employed than females
In April 2019, males comprised 62.2 percent of the estimated 1.2 million employed MIMAROPAns, while females got 37.8 shares to the total employed persons in the region.
The share of males to the regional total employment was 0.6 percentage point lower than the reported 62.8 percent in April 2018. Meanwhile, employed females were reported at 37.8 percent for April 2019, higher by 0.6 percentage point from 37.2 percent in April 2018.
The April 2019 LFS results showed that proportion of males to the total employed in the MIMAROPA Region was 0.8 percentage point higher than the proportion of males to the total employed at the national level, recorded at 61.4 percent.
Around 53 percent of the employed population are working in services sector
Workers in the services sector comprised the biggest proportion of the employed population. These employed persons made up 52.9 percent of the total employed in April 2019, higher by 4.7 percentage points from the previous year’s figure 48.2 percent. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles posted the biggest share (18.4%) to total employed in the services sector.
Workers in the agriculture sector declined from 32.5 percent in April 2018 to 27.9 percent in April 2019.
On the other hand, workers in industry sector were 19.1 percent of total employed in April 2019, same with April 2018. Workers in the construction subsector contributed the biggest share at 12.0 percent.
Elementary occupations posted 26.9 percent of the total employed persons
Among the various occupation groups in April 2019, elementary occupations constituted the largest group with 26.9 percent of the total employed. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers registered the next largest group of workers, comprising 18.3 percent of the total employed persons. Managers recorded the third largest group of workers with a share of 17.3 percent of total employed.
Figure 4. Percent Distribution of Employed Persons by Major Occupation Group MIMAROPA Region: April 2019
Around 56.5 percent of the employed persons are wage and salary workers
Employed persons fall into any of these categories: wage and salary workers, self-employed workers without any paid employee, employer in own family operated farm or business, and unpaid family workers. Wage and salary workers are those who work for private households, private establishments, government or government-controlled corporations, and those who work with pay in own family-operated farm or business.
About 56.5 percent of the total employed persons in MIMAROPA in April 2019 are wage and salary workers. Most of these workers are working for private household, establishment or family operated activity (43.2%). Those working for government or government corporations accounted for 13.4 percent of the total employed.
The second largest class of workers are the self-employed making up 36.8 percent of the total employed in April 2019. Unpaid family workers accounted for 4.7 percent of the total employed.
Figure 5. Percent Distribution of Employed Persons by Class of Worker MIMAROPA: April 2019
Around 60.6 percent of the total employed persons are full time workers
Employed persons are classified as either full-time workers or part-time workers. Full-time workers are those who work for 40 hours or more while part-time workers work for less than 40 hours.
Around 60.6% of the totals employed were full time workers while part-time workers comprised 39.4% of the total employed in April 2019. The mean hours worked of employed persons was only 39.2 during the past week in April 2019.
Underemployment rate decline to 18.5 percent from 22.1 percent
Underemployed persons are those employed persons who express the desire to have additional hours of work in their present job or to have additional job, or to have a new job with longer working hours.
Around 232 thousand employed persons were underemployed in April 2019. This placed the underemployment rate at 18.5 percent, lower than previous year’s rate of 22.1 percent. About 67.8 percent of the underemployed are reported as visibly underemployed, or had been working for less than 40 hours a week while 32.2 percent are underemployed working full-time.
Unemployment rate is up to 4.7 percent from 5.2 percent
The unemployment rate of 4.7 percent in April 2019 was lower than previous year’s estimate of 5.2 percent. The region’s unemployment rate was lower by 0.4 percentage point than the national figure of 5.1 percent.
- There were 1.3 million persons in the labor force in April 2019 out of the estimated 2.1 million population 15 years old and over.
- The employment rate in April 2019 was registered at 95.3 percent, higher by 0.5 percentage point than last year’s rate of 94.8 percent.
- Underemployment rate decline to 18.5 percent in April 2019 from 22.1 percent in April 2018.
- Of the total employed population in MIMAROPA, 53.0 percent were in the service sector
- Unemployment rate of 4.7 percent in April 2019 was lower than last year’s estimate of 5.2 percent.
- More than 53.0 percent of the total employed population in MIMAROPA were in the services sector, 27.9 percent in the agriculture sector, and the remaining 19 percent in the industry sector.
- Elementary occupations constituted the largest group with 26.9 percent of the total employed. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers registered the next largest group of workers, comprising 18.3 percent.
LENI R. RIOFLORIDO
The Labor Force Survey (LFS) is a nationwide survey conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) during the months of January, April, July, and October. The survey aims to monitor changes in the employment status of persons in the working age population (employed, unemployed and not in the labor force) during a specified time period. For this release, the data being presented are based on the final results of the April 2019 round of the LFS.
The reference period used in the survey is the past seven (7) days preceding the date of visit of the enumerator. Starting April 2016 round, LFS has been adopting the
2013 Master Sample Design with a sample size of approximately 45,000 households.
Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs) are not considered part of the labor force in the Philippines. Hence, OFWs excluded in the estimation of the size of the country’s working age population, and in the estimation of the labor force. This is in accordance with international standard that includes only domestic employment in the measurement of labor force.
Concepts and Definitions
Working age population are persons 15 years old and over who are:
- present at the time of visit whose usual place of residence is the sample household regardless of their length of stay in the household;
- not present at the time of visit but are expected to return within 30 days from date of departure to their usual place of residence, which is the sample household;
- present at the time of visit whose usual place of residence is outside the sample household but have stayed temporarily with the sample household for at least 30 days;
- present at the time of visit whose usual place of residence is outside the sample household but have stayed with the sample household even for less than 30 days provided that they have been away from their usual place of residence for at least 30 days; and
- students abroad/tourists who have been away for one year or less and are expected to be back within a year from date of departure. These also include those attending training abroad, medical treatment and missionaries.
Labor force refers to persons 15 years old and over who were either employed or unemployed. Labor force participation rate (LFPR) is the percentage of persons in the labor force (LF) out of the total population 15 years old and over That is,
Work is any economic activity that a person does for pay in cash or in kind, in any establishment, office, farm or private home; for profit; or without pay in family farm or enterprise; or on exchange labor for another’s farm.
Employed persons refer to persons 15 years old and over who during the reference period were reported at work even for an hour.
Person in full-time employment is a person who works 40 hours or more during the reference week.
Person in part-time employment is a person who works less than 40 hours during the reference week.
Employment rate (ER) is the percentage of employed persons (EP) in the labor force. That is,
Underemployed persons are employed persons who want additional hours of work in their present job, or to have additional job, or a new job with longer working hours. Underemployed persons can be categorized into two types, namely:
- Visibly underemployed person – an underemployed person who worked less than 40 hours during the reference week
- Invisibly underemployed person – an underemployed person who worked 40 hours or more during the reference week.
Underemployment rate (UER) is the percentage of underemployed persons (UEP) from all employed persons. That is,
Unemployed person include all persons who are 15 years and over as of their last birthday and are reported as: (1) without work and currently available for work and seeking work; or (2) without work and currently available for work but not seeking work for the following reasons:
- Tired/believed no work available
- Awaiting results of previous job application
- Temporary illness/disability
- Bad weather
- Waiting for rehire/job recall
Unemployment rate (UR) is the percentage of unemployed persons (UP) in the labor force. That is,