Corn Situation in MIMAROPA - 2020 Annual

Date: 

Wednesday, September 29, 2021

Reference Number: 

2021SR23

2020 ANNUAL CORN SITUATION IN MIMAROPA
 

Total volume of corn production in the MIMAROPA Region was estimated at 121,201.15 metric tons in January-December 2020. Among provinces in the region, Occidental Mindoro’s corn production of 89,980.00 metric tons in 2020 recorded the highest share of about 74.24 percent in the regional production of corn. This was followed by production in Palawan of 23,716.00 metric tons with a corresponding 19.57 percent share in the regional corn production. Meanwhile, the combined corn production from Oriental Mindoro, Romblon, and Marinduque of 7,505.15 metric tons was only accounted to 6.19 percent share in the MIMAROPA’s total corn production.

Figure 1. Volume of Corn Production by Province, MIMAROPA: 2020

 

                                                                     Source: Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA), Corn Production Survey

 

For the year 2020, corns produced in MIMAROPA Region were mostly yellow which were 105,467.99 metric tons or 87.02 percent of the total volume of corn production in the region. Yellow corns were largely produced in the provinces of Oriental Mindoro, Occidental Mindoro and Palawan with corresponding share of 92.86 percent 90.76 percent, and 76.41 percent, to the total corn production in their respective province. Meanwhile, corns produced in Romblon and Marinduque were mainly white, accounted to 68.44 percent and 67.70 percent share of its total corn production.

Figure 2. Percentage Share by Type of Corn and by Province, MIMAROPA: 2020

                                                          Source: PSA, Corn Production Survey

 

Volume of corn production increased by 13.34 percent

MIMAROPA’s total corn production of 121,201.15 metric tons in 2020 went up by 13.34 percent or about 14,261.35 metric tons increase from 106,940.80 metric tons in the previous year. All provinces in the region exhibited an increase in their production. The highest increase was observed in Occidental Mindoro with 11,375.00 metric tons (14.47 percent) followed by Oriental Mindoro with 1,782.09 metric tons (49.37 percent). Meanwhile, Palawan, Marinduque, and Romblon posted an increase of 891.00 metric tons (3.90 percent), 122.26 metric tons (27.26 percent), and 91.00 metric tons (6.27 percent), respectively.

Figure 3. Volume of Production by Province, MIMAROPA: 2020
(Production in Metric Tons)

                                                          Source: PSA, Corn Production Survey

 

Both types of corn produced within MIMAROPA Region in 2020 exhibited an increment relative to 2019. The production of yellow corn escalated by 14,254.09 metric tons (15.63 percent), while the production of white corn slightly increases by 7.26 metric tons (0.05 percent).

Figure 4. Volume of Production by Type of Corn, MIMAROPA: 2020 and 2019

                                                          Source: PSA, Corn Production Survey

 

Total corn area harvested expanded by 3.87 percent

In 2020, the total area harvested for all types of corn reached 30,412.00 hectares. This was 1,134.00 hectares or 3.87 percent larger compared to its total area harvested in 2019. The increase was due to the expansion in the area harvested in Occidental Mindoro (762.00 hectares), Oriental Mindoro (387.00 hectares), Marinduque (15.00 hectares), and Romblon (2.00 hectares). In contrast, area harvested in Palawan, experienced a decrement of 32.00 hectares or 0.45 percent compared to its recorded area harvested last year.

Figure 5. Area Harvested by Province, MIMAROPA: 2020 and 2019

                                                               Source: PSA, Corn Production Survey

 

During the January-December 2020, yellow corns’ area harvested of about 23,607.00 hectares posted an increase of 1,223.00 hectares or 5.46 percent from its area harvested of 22,384.00 hectares during the January-December 2019. This accounted to 77.62 percent share of the region’s total area harvested.  In contrast, white corns’ area harvested of 6,805.00 hectares was 1.29 percent lower or decreased by 89.00 hectares compared to the recorded area harvested of 6,894.00 hectares in 2019.

Figure 6. Area Harvested by Type of Corn, MIMAROPA : 2020 and 2019

                                                               Source: PSA, Corn Production Survey

 

Average corn yield reached 3.99 metric tons per hectare

In 2020, the average corn yield in the region registered at 3.99 metric tons per hectare. Only Occidental Mindoro’s average yield of 4.41 metric tons per hectare exceeded the regional average yield.

Figure 7. Corn Yield by Province, MIMAROPA: 2020

                                                               Source: PSA, Corn Production Survey

 

MIMAROPA’s yield of 3.99 metric tons per hectare was 9.32 percent higher from the yield of 3.65 metric tons per hectare in the 2019. All provinces in the region exhibited an increase in their average corn yield. Highest increase was recorded in Oriental Mindoro with 0.45 metric ton per hectare or 17.86 percent, while lowest increase was observed in Romblon with 0.12 metric ton per hectare or 6.25 percent.

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Corn Production Survey (CPS) is a major quarterly agricultural survey conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority. Its main objective is to generate estimates and forecasts of corn production, area and yield, and other production-related data that serve as inputs to the Performance of Agriculture Report, and accordingly to the preparation of the Gross Domestic Product. The survey also supports the data needs of planners, policy and decision makers on corn, and stakeholders in the agricultural sector, and the general public.

Data gathered in CPS are as follows: (1) production, area planted / harvested and yield by ecosystem and by seed type; (2) usage of seeds, fertilizer and pesticides; (3) source of irrigation water and adequacy, monthly distribution of production and area harvested; (4) farm household disposition of production; (5) area with standing crop, farmer’s planting intention for the quarter; and (6) farmer’s awareness and availment of corn program interventions.

Corn production refers to the quantity of corn produced and actually harvested during the reference period. It includes those harvested but damaged, stolen, given away, consumed, given as harvesters’ and thresher’s shares, reserved, etc. Corn production from seed growers which are intended for seed purposes is excluded from the survey.

Two types of corn harvested are considered in corn production. These are as follows:

1.  White corn is a type of corn used primarily for human consumption.

2.  Yellow corn is generally used as feed grains. It includes all types of corn other than white corn.

Area harvested refers to the actual area from which harvests are realized. This excludes crop areas which were totally damaged. The harvest area refers to the effective area on corn where harvesting is done during the reference quarter.

Yield is an indicator of production derived by dividing the total production by the area harvested.

 

LENI R. RIOFLORIDO
Regional Director

 

TABLE 1. Corn Production, Area Harvested and Average Yield by Province, MIMAROPA: 2020 and 2019
(Volume of Production in Metric Tons, Area Harvested in Hectares, Yield in Metric Tons per Hectare)

Province/Region

January-December

Difference

Percent

Change

2020

2019

MIMAROPA

       

Volume of Production

 121,201.15

 106,939.80

 14,261.35

 13.34

Area Harvested

 30,412.00

 29,278.00

 1,134.00

 3.87

Average Yield

 3.99

 3.65

 0.34

 9.32

         

Marinduque

       

Volume of Production

 570.76

 448.50

 122.26

 27.26

Area Harvested

 289.00

 274.00

 15.00

 5.47

Average Yield

 1.97

 1.64

 0.33

 20.12

         

Occidental Mindoro

       

Volume of Production

 89,980.00

 78,605.00

 11,375.00

 14.47

Area Harvested

 20,410.00

 19,648.00

 762.00

 3.88

Average Yield

 4.41

 4.00

 0.41

 10.25

         

Oriental Mindoro

       

Volume of Production

 5,391.39

 3,609.30

 1,782.09

 49.37

Area Harvested

 1,818.00

 1,431.00

 387.00

 27.04

Average Yield

 2.97

 2.52

 0.45

 17.86

         

Palawan

       

Volume of Production

23,716.00

22,825.00

891.00

3.90

Area Harvested

7,138.00

7,170.00

(32.00)

(0.45)

Average Yield

3.32

3.18

0.14

4.40

         

Romblon

       

Volume of Production

1,543.00

1,452.00

91.00

6.27

Area Harvested

757.00

755.00

2.00

0.26

Average Yield

2.04

1.92

0.12

6.25

Source: PSA, Corn Production Survey

 

TABLE 2. Corn Production, Area Harvested, by Corn Type, Province, MIMAROPA: 2020 and 2019
(Volume of Production in Metric Tons, Area Harvested in Hectares)

Province/Region

January-December

Difference

Percent

Change

2020

2019

MIMAROPA

       

Volume of Production

 121,201.15

 106,939.80

 14,261.35

 13.34

White Corn

 15,733.16

 15,725.90

 7.26

 0.05

Yellow Corn

 105,467.99

 91,213.90

 14,254.09

 15.63

Area Harvested

 30,412.00

 29,278.00

 1,134.00

 3.87

White Corn

 6,805.00

 6,894.00

(89.00)

(1.29)

Yellow Corn

 23,607.00

 22,384.00

 1,223.00

 5.46

         

Marinduque

       

Volume of Production

570.76

448.50

122.26

27.26

White Corn

386.40

303.50

82.90

27.31

Yellow Corn

184.36

145.00

39.36

27.14

Area Harvested

289.00

274.00

15.00

5.47

White Corn

237.00

229.00

8.00

3.49

Yellow Corn

52.00

45.00

7.00

15.56

         

Occidental Mindoro

       

Volume of Production

89,980.00

78,605.00

11,375.00

14.47

White Corn

8,312.00

8,155.00

157.00

1.93

Yellow Corn

81,668.00

70,450.00

11,218.00

15.92

Area Harvested

20,410.00

19,648.00

762.00

3.88

White Corn

3,391.00

3,279.00

112.00

3.42

Yellow Corn

17,019.00

16,369.00

650.00

3.97

         

Oriental Mindoro

       

Volume of Production

5,391.39

3,609.30

1,782.09

49.37

White Corn

384.76

439.40

(54.64)

(12.44)

Yellow Corn

5,006.63

3,169.90

1,836.73

57.94

Area Harvested

1,818.00

1,431.00

387.00

27.04

 

 

 

 

 

Palawan

       

Volume of Production

23,716.00

22,825.00

891.00

3.90

White Corn

5,594.00

5,696.00

(102.00)

(1.79)

Yellow Corn

18,122.00

17,129.00

993.00

5.80

Area Harvested

7,138.00

7,170.00

(32.00)

(0.45)

White Corn

2,267.00

2,408.00

(141.00)

(5.86)

Yellow Corn

4,871.00

4,762.00

109.00

2.29

         

Romblon

       

Volume of Production

1,543.00

1,452.00

91.00

6.27

White Corn

1,056.00

1,132.00

(76.00)

(6.71)

Yellow Corn

487.00

320.00

167.00

52.19

Area Harvested

757.00

755.00

2.00

0.26

White Corn

654.00

689.00

(35.00)

(5.08)

Yellow Corn

103.00

66.00

37.00

56.06

Source: PSA, Corn Production Survey

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

File: 

Tags: