Corn Situation in MIMAROPA April to June 2020 Preliminary Results

Date: 

Friday, November 27, 2020

Corn Situation in MIMAROPA
April to June 2020
Preliminary Results

Total volume of corn production in the MIMAROPA Region was estimated at 37,200.56 metric tons in April to June 2020.  The region accounted 2.75 percent in the overall corn production of the country.

Figure 1. Volume of Corn Production by Province, MIMAROPA: April-June 2020

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey

 

Occidental Mindoro’s corn production of 35,073.00 metric tons for the second quarter of 2020 was accounted to 94.28 percent share in the regional production of corn. This was followed by Palawan’s production of 1,099.00 metric tons or a corresponding 2.95 percent share in the regional corn production. Meanwhile, the corn production from other provinces in the region that summed to about 1,028.56 metric tons was only equivalent to 2.77 percent share in the regional corn production.

Corns produced in the MIMAROPA Region were predominantly yellow which were 87.49 percent or 32,547.16 metric tons of the total volume of corn production in the region. Occidental Mindoro, the top producer of corn in the region during the second quarter of 2020, reported 31,081.00 metric tons of yellow corn, which was 88.62 percent of the total corn produced by the province in April-June 2020. Meanwhile, corns produced in Marinduque were predominantly white. It registered 60.21 percent share from a meager 68.76 metric tons of the province’s total corn production.

 

Figure 2: Percentage Share by Type of Corn and by Province, MIMAROPA: April-June 2020

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey

 

Volume of corn production went up by 10.05 percent

Total corn production in the region of 37,200.56 metric tons in April-June 2020, went up by 10.05 percent or about 3,398.56 metric tons upsurge from 33,802.00 metric tons in the same quarter of 2019. Corn production in Occidental Mindoro of 35,073.00 metric tons was 9.66 percent higher than its production of 31,984.00 metric tons in the second quarter of 2019. It was the top corn producer of the region followed by Palawan with 1,099.00 metric tons of corn produced during the reference quarter. Among provinces in the region, Palawan and Romblon posted a decline in their production by 145.00 metric tons or 11.66 percent and 68.00 metric tons or 25.66 percent, respectively.

 

Figure 3: Volume of Production by Province, MIMAROPA: April-June 2020
(Production in Metric Tons)

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey

 

In terms of the total volume of production within MIMAROPA by type of corn, both the production of yellow and white corns increased during the second quarter of 2020.  Production of yellow corn at 32,547.16 metric tons posted an increase of 11.46 percent or 3.347.16 metric tons higher from 29,200.00 metric tons in the same quarter of 2019. Similarly, the production of white corn slightly increased by 1.12 percent from 4,602.00 metric tons in April-June 2019 to about 4,653.40 metric tons in the same period of 2020.

 

Figure 4: Volume of Production by Type of Corn, MIMAROPA: April-June 2020 and April-June 2019

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey

 

Total corn area harvested slightly grew by 0.81 percent

Total area harvested for all types of corn during the second quarter of 2020 slightly increased by 67.00 hectares or 0.81 percent higher compared to its total area harvested during the same period in 2019. This was due to the expansion in the area harvested across the region. Oriental Mindoro led the increase in the area harvested with additional 133.00 hectares or an upsurge of 79.17 percent to its current level of 301.00 hectares. This was followed by Occidental Mindoro with 33.00 hectares augmented to its current area harvested of 7,522.00 hectares.

 

Figure 5: Area Harvested by Province, MIMAROPA: April-June 2020 and April-June 2019

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey

 

Area harvested for yellow corns in April-June 2020 went up to 6,603.00 hectares, an increase by 1.52 percent or an expansion of 99.00 hectares from the total area harvested of 6,504.00 hectares during the same quarter of the previous year. In contrast, white corn’s total area harvested of 1,712.00 hectares in the second quarter of 2020 shrank by 1.83 percent from 1,744.00 hectares April-June 2019 to 1,712.00 hectares in the same period of 2020.

 

Figure 6: Area Harvested by Type of Corn, MIMAROPA: April-June 2020 and April-June 2019

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey

 

Average corn yield reached 4.47 metric tons per hectare

During the second quarter of 2020, the average corn yield in the region registered at 4.47 metric tons per hectare. This was 9.17 percent increase from the yield of 4.10 metric tons per hectare in the same period of the previous year.

 

Figure 7. Corn Yield by Province, MIMAROPA: April-June 2020

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey

All provinces in the MIMAROPA Region exhibited an increase in their average corn yield. Occidental Mindoro recorded the highest corn yield with 4.66 metric tons per hectare which was also the only province that exceeded the regional average yield during April-June 2020.

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Corn Production Survey (CPS) is a major quarterly agricultural survey conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority. Its main objective is to generate estimates and forecasts of corn production, area and yield, and other production-related data that serve as inputs to the Performance of Agriculture Report, and accordingly to the preparation of the Gross Domestic Product. The survey also supports the data needs of planners, policy and decision makers on corn, and stakeholders in the agricultural sector, and the general public.

Data gathered in CPS are as follows: (1) production, area planted / harvested and yield by ecosystem and by seed type; (2) usage of seeds, fertilizer and pesticides; (3) source of irrigation water and adequacy, monthly distribution  of production and area harvested; (4) farm household disposition of production; (5) area with standing crop, farmer’s planting intention for the quarter; and (6) farmer’s awareness and availment of corn program interventions.

Corn production refers to the quantity of corn produced and actually harvested during the reference period. It includes those harvested but damaged, stolen, given away, consumed, given as harvesters’ and thresher’s shares, reserved, etc. Corn production from seed growers which are intended for seed purposes is excluded from the survey.

Two types of corn harvested are considered in corn production. These are as follows:

  1. White corn is a type of corn used primarily for human consumption.
  2. Yellow corn is generally used as feed grains. It includes all types of corn other than white corn.

Area harvested refers to the actual area from which harvests are realized. This excludes crop areas which were totally damaged. The harvest area refers to the effective area on corn where harvesting is done during the reference quarter.

Yield is an indicator of production derived by dividing the total production by the area harvested.

 

 

(SGD) LENI R. RIOFLORIDO
Regional Director

 

TABLE 1. Volume of Corn Production by Region, Philippines: April-June 2020
(Production in Metric Tons)

REGION

April-June 2020P

Production

Percent Share

       

PHILIPPINES

 1,352,562.92

100.00

       

CAR

Cordillera Administrative Region

 44,359.84

3.28

I

Ilocos Region

 168,176.00

12.43

II

Cagayan Valley

 449,425.69

33.23

III

Central Luzon

 106,744.72

7.89

IV-A

CALABARZON

 9,545.32

0.71

 

MIMAROPA Region

 37,200.56

2.75

V

Bicol Region

 91,493.17

6.76

VI

Western Visayas

 34,214.38

2.53

VII

Central Visayas

 5,095.08

0.38

VIII

Eastern Visayas

 21,260.92

1.57

IX

Zamboanga Peninsula

 17,719.84

1.31

X

Northern Mindanao

 67,429.82

4.99

XI

Davao Region

 44,625.16

3.30

XII

Soccsksargen

 77,746.98

5.75

XIII

Caraga

 38,370.06

2.84

BARMM

Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao

 139,155.37

10.29

Note: P- preliminary result
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey

 

TABLE 2. Corn Production, Area Harvested and Average Yield by Province, MIMAROPA: April-June 2020 and April-June 2019
(Volume of Production in Metric Tons, Area Harvested in Hectares, Yield in Metric Tons per Hectare)

Province/Region

 April-June

Difference

Percentage Change

2020P

2019

         

MIMAROPA

       

Volume of Production

 37,200.56

 33,802.00

 3,398.56

 10.05

Area Harvested

 8,315.00

 8,248.00

 67.00

 0.81

Average Yield

4.47

4.10

 0.38

9.17

         

Marinduque

       

Volume of Production

 68.76

 35.00

 33.76

 96.46

Area Harvested

 38.00

 23.00

 15.00

 65.22

Average Yield

 1.81

 1.52

 0.29

 18.91

         

Occidental Mindoro

       

Volume of Production

 35,073.00

 31,984.00

 3,089.00

 9.66

Area Harvested

 7,522.00

 7,489.00

 33.00

 0.44

Average Yield

 4.66

 4.27

 0.39

 9.18

         

Oriental Mindoro

       

Volume of Production

 762.80

 274.00

 488.80

 178.39

Area Harvested

 301.00

 168.00

 133.00

 79.17

Average Yield

 2.53

 1.63

 0.90

 55.38

         

Palawan

       

Volume of Production

 1,099.00

 1,244.00

(145.00)

(11.66)

Area Harvested

 395.00

 449.00

(54.00)

(12.03)

Average Yield

 2.78

 2.77

 0.01

 0.42

         

Romblon

       

Volume of Production

197.00

265.00

(68.00)

(25.66)

Area Harvested

 59.00

 119.00

(60.00)

(50.42)

Average Yield

 3.34

 2.23

 1.11

 49.94

Note: P- preliminary result
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey

 

TABLE 3. Corn Production, Area Harvested, by Corn Type, Province, MIMAROPA: April-June 2020 and April-June 2019
(Volume of Production in Metric Tons, Area Harvested in Hectares)

Province/Region

 April-June

DIFF

GR

2020

2019

   

 

   

MIMAROPA

 

 

   

    Volume of Production

                     37,200.56

                     33,802.00

     3,398.56

              10.05

White Corn

                        4,653.40

                        4,602.00

           51.40

                1.12

Yellow Corn

                     32,547.16

                     29,200.00

     3,347.16

              11.46

    Area Harvested

                        8,315.00

                        8,248.00

           67.00

                0.81

White Corn

                        1,712.00

                        1,744.00

-          32.00

-               1.83

Yellow Corn

                        6,603.00

                        6,504.00

           99.00

                1.52

   

 

   

Marinduque

 

 

   

    Volume of Production

                             68.76

                             35.00

           33.76

              96.46

White Corn

                             41.40

                             11.00

           30.40

           276.36

Yellow Corn

                             27.36

                             24.00

             3.36

              14.00

    Area Harvested

                             38.00

                             23.00

           15.00

              65.22

White Corn

                             30.00

                             15.00

           15.00

           100.00

Yellow Corn

                                8.00

                                8.00

                  -  

                     -  

   

 

   

Occidental Mindoro

 

 

   

    Volume of Production

                     35,073.00

                     31,984.00

     3,089.00

                9.66

White Corn

                        3,992.00

                        3,840.00

         152.00

                3.96

Yellow Corn

                     31,081.00

                     28,144.00

     2,937.00

              10.44

    Area Harvested

                        7,522.00

                        7,489.00

           33.00

                0.44

White Corn

                        1,367.00

                        1,340.00

           27.00

                2.01

Yellow Corn

                        6,155.00

                        6,149.00

             6.00

                0.10

   

 

   

Oriental Mindoro

 

 

   

    Volume of Production

                           762.80

                           274.00

         488.80

           178.39

White Corn

                           122.00

                             88.00

           34.00

              38.64

Yellow Corn

                           640.80

                           186.00

         454.80

           244.52

    Area Harvested

                           301.00

                           168.00

         133.00

              79.17

White Corn

                             91.00

                             78.00

           13.00

              16.67

Yellow Corn

                           210.00

                             90.00

         120.00

           133.33

         

Palawan

       

Volume of Production

1,099.00

1,244.00

(145.00)

(11.66)

White Corn

436.00

455.00

(19.00)

(4.18)

Yellow Corn

663.00

789.00

(126.00)

(15.97)

Area Harvested

395.00

449.00

(54.00)

(12.03)

White Corn

193.00

204.00

(11.00)

(5.39)

Yellow Corn

202.00

245.00

(43.00)

(17.55)

         

Romblon

       

Volume of Production

197.00

265.00

(68.00)

(25.66)

White Corn

62.00

208.00

(146.00)

(70.19)

Yellow Corn

135.00

57.00

78.00

136.84

Area Harvested

59.00

119.00

(60.00)

(50.42)

White Corn

31.00

107.00

(76.00)

(71.03)

Yellow Corn

28.00

12.00

16.00

133.33

Notes: P- preliminary result
             - means no data available
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey

 

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