First Quarter 2021 Palay Situation in MIMAROPA Preliminary Results

Date: 

Monday, May 31, 2021

Reference Number: 

2021SR09

FIRST QUARTER 2021 PALAY SITUATION IN MIMAROPA
PRELIMINARY RESULTS

 

Date of Release: May 31, 2021         

Reference No.: 2021-SR-09 

 

Total volume of palay production in the MIMAROPA Region was estimated at 276,280 metric tons in January-March 2021. The top producers of palay in the region were Palawan (116,098 metric tons), Oriental Mindoro (83,908 metric tons) and Occidental Mindoro (50,945 metric tons) that comprises to 90.8 percent share in the regional production of palay. Meanwhile, the remaining 9.2 percent of the regional production of palay came from Romblon (17,298 metric tons) and Marinduque (8,031 metric tons).

 

Figure 1. Volume of Palay Production by Province, MIMAROPA:
January-March 2021

During the first quarter of 2021, palay produced in the MIMAROPA Region were mostly grown and harvested from irrigated farms which was 205,028 metric tons or 74.2 percent of the total volume of palay production in the region. Meanwhile, those 71,252 metric tons of palay produced from rainfed farms accounted for 25.8 percent share of the region’s total palay production.

 

Figure 2. Percentage Share by Ecosystem Type and by Province, MIMAROPA: January-March 2021

 

Volume of palay production went up by 2.3 percent

Total palay production in the region of 276,280 metric tons in January-March 2021 went up by 2.3 percent or about 6,100 metric tons increase from 270,180 metric tons in the same quarter of 2020. The increase in production was due to the increment in Occidental Mindoro with 5,580 metric tons (12.3 percent), Palawan with 3,805 metric tons (3.4 percent), Romblon with 1,666 metric tons (10.7 percent), and Marinduque with 495 metric tons (6.6 percent).  Meanwhile, palay production in Oriental Mindoro registered a drop of about 6.1 percent or 5,446 metric tons during the first quarter of 2021. This was lower than its recorded production of 89,354 metric tons in the same quarter last year.

 

Figure 3. Volume of Production by Province, MIMAROPA:
January-March 2021

(Production in Metric Tons)

In terms of ecosystem type, production from both irrigated and rainfed farms experienced a surge during the first quarter of 2021.  Irrigated farms have produced 205,028 metric tons of palay an upsurge by 6,026 metric tons (3.0 percent) from 199,002 metric tons in the same quarter of 2020. Similarly, rainfed farms have produced 71,252 metric tons of play which was higher by 244 metric tons (0.1 percent) from 71,178 metric tons in January-March 2020.

 

Figure 4. Volume of Production by Ecosystem Type, MIMAROPA: January-March 2021 and January-March 2020

Source: PSA, Palay Production Survey

 

Total palay area harvested expanded by 4.5 percent

Total area harvested for all types of ecosystem during the first quarter of 2021 recorded at 69,344 hectares. Palawan recorded 29,727 hectares which was the largest area harvested among all provinces in the region, while Marinduque posted 2,686 hectares that was smallest area harvested in January-March 2021.

Total area harvested of the region expanded by 4.5 percent or 2,976 hectares from 66,368 hectares in the first quarter of 2020. The increase in area harvested was due to the upturn in the area harvested of all provinces in the region. The highest increase was observed at Oriental Mindoro with 1,503 hectares or 7.5 percent increment from 19,923 hectares in January-March 2020 to 21,426 hectares of same period in 2021.

 

Figure 5. Area Harvested by Province, MIMAROPA: January-March 2021 and January-March 2020

Source: PSA, Palay Production Survey

Area harvested from both irrigated and rainfed farms posted an augment during January-March 2021. Irrigated farms registered 48,236 hectares, an increase by 6.0 percent or 2,732 hectares from its area harvested of 45,504 hectares during the same quarter of 2020. Similarly, area harvested from rainfed farms was recorded at 21,108 hectares, an increase by 1.2 percent or 244 hectares larger than the reported 20,864 hectares in the same quarter of the previous year.

 

Figure 6. Area Harvested by Ecosystem Type, MIMAROPA:

 January-March 2021 and January-March 2020

Source: PSA, Palay Production Survey

 

Average palay yield reached 4.0 metric tons per hectare 

During the first quarter of 2021, the average palay yield in the region registered at 4.0 metric tons per hectare. Among provinces in MIMAROPA region, only Occidental Mindoro with an average yield of 4.8 metric tons per hectare exceeded the regional average yield.

Figure 7. Palay Yield by Province, MIMAROPA: January-March 2021

Relative to the first quarter of 2021, the regional yield of 4.0 metric tons per hectare was 2.4 percent lower from the yield of 4.1 metric tons per hectare in the same period last year. All provinces in the region except Oriental Mindoro experienced an upsurge in their average palay yield.

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Palay Production Survey (PPS) is a major quarterly agricultural survey conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority. Its main objective is to generate estimates and forecasts of palay production, area and yield, and other production-related data that serve as inputs to the Performance of Agriculture Report, and accordingly to the preparation of the Gross Domestic Product. The survey also supports the data needs of planners, policy and decision makers on palay/rice, and stakeholders in the agricultural sector, and the general public.

PPS covers sample farming households in sample barangays in all provinces in the country except Batanes, but including Zamboanga City and Davao City. Data gathered in this survey are as follows: (1) production, area planted/harvested and yield by ecosystem and by seed type; (2) usage of seeds, fertilizer and pesticides; (3) source of irrigation water and adequacy, monthly distribution of production and area harvested; (4) farm household disposition of production; (5) area with standing crop, farmer’s planting intention for the quarter; and (6) farmer’s awareness and availment of palay program interventions.

Palay production refers to the quantity of palay produced and actually harvested during the reference period. It includes those harvested but damaged, stolen, given away, consumed, given as harvesters’ and thresher’s shares, reserved, etc. Palay production from seed growers which are intended for seed purposes is excluded from the survey.

Two ecosystem types are considered in palay production. These are as follows:

1.         Irrigated ecosystem refers to area with irrigation facilities supplying water through gravity, force/power, pump, and other artificial means.

2.         Palay grown on a rainfed ecosystem has dikes that retain water and solely dependent upon rainfall for its water supply.

Area harvested refers to the actual area from which harvests are realized. This excludes crop areas which were totally damaged. For palay, the harvest area refers to the effective area harvested during the reference quarter.

Yield is an indicator of production derived by dividing the total production by the area harvested.

 

(SGD) LENI R. RIOFLORIDO

Regional Director

 

OHG / RRL / JRCG

 

TABLE 1. Palay Production, Area Harvested and Average Yield by Province,

MIMAROPA: January-March 2021 and January-March 2020

(Volume of Production in Metric Tons, Area Harvested in Hectares, Yield in Metric Tons per Hectare)

 

TABLE 2. Palay Production, Area Harvested, by Ecosystem Type, Province,

MIMAROPA: January-March 2021 and January-March 2020

(Volume of Production in Metric Tons, Area Harvested in Hectares)

 

 

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