First Semester Poverty Statistics in Marinduque

Date: 

Friday, February 4, 2022

Reference Number: 

2022-02

Special Release


First Semester Poverty Statistics in Marinduque

 

According to the Family Income and Expenditure Survey Visit 1 (FIES V1), which was conducted in the First Semester of 2021 by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA), the First Semester Per Capita Poverty Threshold in Marinduque was estimated at PhP 13,658. This meant that on average, per month, a Marinduqueño living in the province, needed PhP 2,276 to meet both his/her basic food and non-food needs.

Additionally, for a family of five, an average of PhP 11,382 was needed for the said necessities per month. The latest estimate was 17.0 percent higher than what was recorded in the same period of 2018, at PhP 11,672. The provincial estimate in the province was 4.6 percent higher than the regional average of PhP 13,054 and 5.8 percent lower than the national average of PhP 14,498.

Figure 1. Per Capita Poverty Threshold, MIMAROPA and Marinduque: First Semester, 2018 and 2021

Poverty Incidence Among Families

For the first semester of 2021, the poverty incidence among families in the province was estimated at 18.7 percent, or around 187 out of 1,000 families had incomes below the amount required to meet their basic food and non-food needs. The most recent estimate differed substantially from that of 2018, which was 14.2 percent or around 142 for every 1,000 families.

At the regional level, poverty incidence was estimated at 19.3 percent in the first semester of 2021 which is higher than the province poverty incidence by 0.6 percentage point. Furthermore, the national poverty incidence was estimated at 18.0 percent, which is 0.7 percentage point lower than the province's poverty incidence.

Figure 2. Poverty Incidence Among Families, MIMAROPA and Marinduque: First Semester, 2021 and 2018

Magnitude of Poor Families

The latest provincial poverty incidence is translated to about 10.8 thousand poor families in the province. In 2018, the magnitude of poor families in the Marinduque was estimated at about 8.9 thousand. The poverty incidence in MIMAROPA, on the other hand, was estimated to be about 152.2 thousand poor families in the region. On the national level, the number of poor families is estimated to be around 4.74 million.

Figure 3. Magnitude of Poor Families (in thousand), MIMAROPA and Marinduque: First Semester, 2018 and 2021

Poverty Incidence Among Population

In terms of poverty incidence among Marinduqueños for the first semester of 2021, it was estimated at 25.4 percent which meant that 254 for every 1,000 Marinduqueños belonged to the poor population, whose income fell below the amount needed to buy their basic food and non-food needs. In 2018, poverty incidence among Marinduqueños living in the province was reported at 20.0 percent which translated to 200 for every 1,000 Marinduqueños, were living below the poverty threshold. Moreover, in the MIMAROPA Region, the poverty incidence was estimated at 25.7 percent or 257 out of 1000 MIMAROPAns were living below the poverty threshold which is higher compared to the same period in 2018 at 20.5 percent or 205 out of 1000 MIMAROPAns. For the Philippines, as a whole, the poverty incidence among population increased from 21.1 percent or 211 out of 1000 Filipinos in the first semester of 2018 to 23.7 percent or 237 out of 1,000 Filipinos in the first semester of 2021.

Figure 4. Poverty Incidence Among Population, MIMAROPA and Marinduque: First Semester, 2018 and 2021

Magnitude of Poor Population

On the other hand, the magnitude of poor Marinduqueños was estimated at 61.5 thousand in the first semester of 2021, which showed significant increase from the same period of 2018 which is about 47.6 thousand poor Marinduqueños. Meanwhile, the estimate for MIMAROPA region was recorded at 826.2 thousand poor individuals in MIMAROPA, which is higher ompared to the first semester of 2018 record of 635.1 thousand. Furthermore, the national estimate of 26.13 million Filipinos represented a significant increase from the 22.26 million estimate in the first semester of 2018.

Figure 5. Magnitude of Poor Population (in thousands), MIMAROPA and Marinduque: First Semester, 2018 and 2021

First Semester Per Capita Food Threshold,

The FIES V1 also revealed that the Per Capita Food Threshold in Marinduque for the first semester of 2021 was estimated at PhP 9,542. This meant that on average, a Filipino living in Marinduque needed PhP 1,590 to meet his/her basic food needs per month. Similarly, a family of five, needed PhP 7,952 per month. The latest estimate was 14.0 percent higher than what was reported in the same period of 2018 at PhP 8,373. Meanwhile, the per capital food threshold in the MIMAROPA Region was at PhP 9,103. This was 14.0 percent higher compared to the same period of 2018, which was PhP 7,988. For the Philippines as a whole, the per capita food threshold was estimated at PhP 10,071 which was also 14.0 percent higher compared to the same period of 2018, which was PhP 8,849.

Figure 6. First Semester Per Capita Food Threshold, MIMAROPA and Marinduque: First Semester, 2018 and 2021

Subsistence Incidence Among Families

Furthermore, using the computed food threshold, the resulting subsistence incidence was 6.2 percent among families in the province for the first semester of 2021. This meant that about 62 for every 1,000 families in the province have incomes below the minimum amount needed to buy their basic food needs in the first semester of 2021. This was higher compared to the 2018 estimate of 4.2 percent or 42 out of 1000 families living in Marinduque were below the food threshold.

The regional subsistence incidence among families also increased to 7.5 percent or 75 out of 1000 families from 5.1 percent or 51 out of 1000 families in the first semester of 2018. Similarly, for the first semester of 2021, the national subsistence incidence among families also increased to 7.1 percent or 71 out of 1000 families from 6.2 percent or 62 out of 1000 families in the same period of 2018.

Figure 7. Subsistence Incidence Among Families, MIMAROPA and Marinduque: First Semester, 2018 and 2021

Magnitude of Subsistence Poor Families

As a result, the magnitude of food poor families in the province for the first semester of 2021 was higher at 3.6 thousand families, compared to the same period of 2018 estimate at 2.6 thousand families. Moreover, the regional magnitude of food poor families was higher at 58.9 thousand families compared to 39.7 thousand families in the first semester of 2018. For the Philippines as a whole, the magnitude of food poor families also increased to 1.87 million families compared to the 1.55 million families in the first semester of 2018.

Figure 8: Magnitude of Subsistence Poor Families (in thousands), MIMAROPA and Marinduque: First Semester, 2018 and 2021

Subsistence Incidence Among Population

Among the population, 9.2 percent of Marinduqueños were categorized as food poor. This was equivalent to 92 for every 1000 Marinduqueños whose incomes were not enough to meet their basic food needs during the first semester of 2021. The latest result has significant increase compared to the first semester of 2018 estimate of 6.4 percent or 64 for every 1000 Marinduqueños who were considered food poor. Looking at the bigger picture, the regional subsistence incidence also increased to 10.6 percent or 106 for every 1,000 families compared to the first semester of 2018 estimate of 7.1 percent or 71 for every 1,000 families.

Figure 9: Subsistence Incidence Among Population, MIMAROPA and Marinduque:First Semester, 2018 and 2021

For the national level, the subsistence incidence among population increased to about 9.9 percent in the first semester of 2021 compared to the same period of 2018 estimate at 8.5 percent. This meant that during the first semester of 2021, 99 for every 1,000 Filipinos has no sufficient income to buy their basic food needs compared to the same period of 2018 record of 85 for every 1,000 population, who lived below the food threshold.

Magnitude of Subsistence Poor Population

The reported subsistence incidence of 9.2 percent resulted to 22.4 thousand food poor Marinduqueños in the first semester of 2021. This was higher compared to the first semester of 2018 estimates of 15.4 thousand Marinduqueños. Meanwhile, the regional estimate of 341.0 thousand MIMAROPAns was also higher compared to the first semester of 2018 estimate of 220.3 thousand MIMAROPAns. Similarly, at the national level, the magnitude of subsistence poor population was also higher at about 10.94 million Filipinos compared to the first semester of 2018 estimate of 9.03 million Filipinos.

Figure 10: Magnitude of Subsistence Poor Population (in thousands), MIMAROPA and Marinduque: First Semester, 2018 and 2021

Technical Notes

Republic Act 8425 of 1997 (Social Reform and Poverty Alleviation Act) defines Poor as "Individuals and Families whose income fall below the poverty threshold as defined by NEDA and/or cannot afford in sustained manner to provide their minimum basic needs of food, health, education, housing and other essential amenities of life." (Section 3 of RA 8425).

Poverty Threshold is the minimum income required for a family or individual to meet the basic food and non-food needs, also known as the Poverty Line.

Food Threshold is the minimum income required for a family or individual to meet the basic food needs, which satisfy the nutritional requirements for economically necessary and socially desirable physical activities.

Poverty Incidence is the proportion of families or individuals with per capita income less than the Poverty Threshold to the total number of families or individuals.

 

 

 

File: 

Tags: