POVERTY INCIDENCE IN MIMAROPA: 2018 FULL YEAR
According to the Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES), which was conducted in 2018 by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA), the annual per capita poverty threshold in MIMAROPA was estimated at PhP 23,229. This meant that on the average, per month, a Filipino, living in the region, needed PhP 1,936 to meet both his/her basic food and non-food needs. Additionally, for a family of five, an average of PhP 9,679 was needed for the said necessities per month. The latest estimate was 14.3 percent higher than what was recorded in 2015, at PhP 20,324. The estimate in the region was PhP 2,515 lower than the national average of PhP 25,744.
The poverty incidence among families in the region for the full year 2018 was estimated at 10.5 percent or about 105 for every 1,000 families had incomes below the amount needed to buy their basic food and non-food needs. The latest estimate was significantly different from the estimate in 2015 reported at 17.8 percent or about 178 for every 1,000 families. At the national level, poverty incidence was estimated at 12.1 percent in 2018 and is 1.6 percentage points higher than the MIMAROPA region’s poverty incidence.
The latest regional poverty incidence translated to about 77.6 thousand poor families in the region. In 2015, the magnitude of poor families in the MIMAROPA region was estimated at about 121.4 thousand. For the Philippines’ estimate, a significant difference was noted in terms of families living below the poverty threshold, with the latest estimate at about three million compared to the 2015 estimate of 4.1 million.
In terms of poverty incidence among MIMAROPAns in the full year 2018, it was estimated at 15.1 percent, which meant that 151 for every 1,000 MIMAROPAns belonged to the poor population, whose incomes fell below the amount needed to buy their basic food and non-food needs. In 2015, poverty incidence among the Filipinos living in the MIMAROPA region was reported at 24.8 percent, which translated to 248 for every 1,000 people in MIMAROPA region, were living below the poverty threshold. For the Philippines, as a whole, the poverty incidence among population significantly decreased to 16.6 percent for the full year 2018, compared to the record of 23.3 percent or 233 for every 1,000 citizens.
On the other hand, the magnitude of the poor population, estimated at 468.5 thousand showed significant difference from the 2015 record of about 733.5 thousand poor individuals in the MIMAROPA region. Meanwhile, the national estimate, posted at 17.6 million, displayed a notable decline from the 2015 report of about 23.5 million Filipinos.
The survey mentioned also revealed that the annual per capita poverty food threshold in MIMAROPA for the full year 2018 was estimated at PhP 16,111. This meant that on the average, a Filipino living in MIMAROPA needed PhP 1,343 to meet his/her basic food needs per month. Similarly, a family of five, needed PhP 6,713 per month. The latest full year estimate was 14 percent lower than what was reported in 2015 at PhP 14,138 or a difference of PhP 1,973. Meanwhile, poverty food threshold in the country was at PhP 18,067 for the full year 2018. This was slightly higher than that of the region’s poverty food threshold.
Furthermore, using the computed food threshold, the resulting subsistence incidence was 2.8 percent among families in the region for the full year of 2018. This meant that about 28 for every 1,000 families in the region have incomes below the minimum amount needed to buy their basic food needs in 2018. This was significantly different from the 2015 estimate of six percent or six for every 1,000 families living in MIMAROPA were below the food threshold. In contrast, the national food threshold significantly fell to 3.4 percent or 34 out of 1,000 families from the 2015 estimates of 6.4 percent or about 64 per 1,000 families.
In effect, the magnitude of food poor families for the full year 2018 in the region was lower, estimated at 20.8 thousand families, compared to the 2015 estimate of 40.8 thousand families. The national magnitude of food poor families also showed a decreasing trend, estimated at 834.7 thousand families from the 2015 report of more than 1.4 million.
Among the population, 4.4 percent of the MIMAROPAns were categorized as food poor. This was equivalent to 44 for every 1,000 MIMAROPAns whose income was not enough to meet their basic food needs during the full year 2018. The latest result has significant difference with the 2015 estimate of nine percent or 9 out of 1,000 MIMAROPAns who were considered as food poor. Looking at the bigger picture, the national subsistence incidence declined to about 5.2 percent in 2018 from the 2015 report of 9.1 percent. This meant that during the full year of 2018, 52 for every 1,000 citizens cannot buy their basic food needs compared to the 2015 record of 91 for every 1,000 population, who lived below the poverty food threshold.
The reported subsistence incidence translated to 135.5 thousand food poor MIMAROPAns in 2018. This was a decline from the 2015 estimates of 265.3 thousand individuals in the region whose income is not enough to buy the basic food needs. The national estimate of 5.5 million Filipinos, who were considered as food poor, was significantly lower from the 2015 estimate of 9.2 million.
Republic Act 8425 of 1997 (Social Reform & Poverty Alleviation Act) defines poor as individuals and families whose income fall below the poverty threshold as defines by the National Economic and Development Authority and/or cannot afford in a sustained manner to provide their minimum basic needs of food, health, education, housing, and other essential amenities of life. (Section 3 of RA 8425)
Poverty Threshold is the minimum income required for a family or individual to meet the basic food and non-food requirements, also known as the poverty line.
Poverty Incidence is the proportion of families or individuals with per capita income less than the per capita Poverty threshold to the total number of families or individuals.
Food Threshold is the minimum income required for a family or individual to meet the basic food and non-food requirements for economically necessary and socially desirable physical activities.
Subsistence Incidence is the proportion of families or individuals with per capita income less than the per capita Food Threshold to the total number of families or individuals.
(SGD) LENI R. RIOFLORIDO