Proportion of Poor Marinduqueños registered at 18.7 percent in the First Semester of 2021

Reference Number: 

2022-01

Release Date: 

Friday, January 28, 2022

PRESS RELEASE


Proportion of Poor Marinduqueños registered at 18.7 percent in the First Semester of 2021

 

 

Food and Poverty Thresholds in Marinduque

In the first semester of 2021, a family of five in Marinduque needed no less than PhP 7,952 on average, to meet the family’s basic food needs for a month. This amount is the food threshold. On the other hand, no less than PhP 11,382 on average, was needed to meet both basic food and non-food needs of a family of five in a month. This amount is the poverty threshold. These food and poverty thresholds were 14.0 percent and 17.0 percent higher, respectively, compared to the food and poverty thresholds of the same period of 2018.

Food threshold is the minimum income required to meet the basic food needs that satisfy the nutritional requirements based on the Recommended Energy and Nutrient Intake (RENI) to ensure that one remains economically and socially productive. Poverty threshold is the minimum income required to meet the basic food and non-food needs such as clothing, fuel, light and water, housing, rental of occupied dwelling units, transportation and communication, health and education expenses, non-durable furnishing, household operations and personal care and effects.

Poverty among Filipino families in Marinduque

Poverty incidence among Marinduqueño families in the   first   semester   of   2021   was   estimated at 18.7 percent. This is defined as the proportion of families whose income is below the poverty line to the total number of families. This was estimated at 14.2 percent in the same period in 2018.

Table 1. Poverty among Filipino families in Marinduque (%):First Semester 2018 and 2021.

First Semester

Poverty Incidence

Coefficient of Variation

2021

18.7a/

8.4

2018u

14.2

9.2

                          a/significant change; The increase or decrease of the poverty incidence among families between 2018u and 2021 is significant at 10% level of significance (α = 0.10).

                          Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

 


u=updated; Back estimation of the 2018 first semester poverty statistics was made due to the adoption of the 2015 Census of Population (POPCEN 2015) results for the weights used in the Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES) and the urban-rural classification of barangays.

 

The poverty incidence among individuals in Marinduque in the first semester of 2021 was estimated at 25.4 percent. This is referred to as the proportion of the population living below the poverty line to the total population. During the same period in 2018, poverty incidence among Marinduqueños was recorded at 20.0 percent.

Table 2. Poverty incidence among population in Marinduque (%): First Semester 2018 and 2021.

First Semester

Poverty

Incidence (%)

Coefficient of Variation

2021

25.4a/

8.3

2018u

20.0

9.0

                         a/ significant change; The increase or decrease of the poverty incidence among families between 2018u and 2021 is significant at 10% level of significance (α = 0.10).

                         Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

 

The subsistence incidence among Filipino families in Marinduque was estimated at 6.2 percent in the first semester of 2021. This is alternatively called as the proportion of Filipino families whose incomes fall below the food threshold. In the same period in 2018, the proportion of families who are food poor was recorded at 4.2 percent.

Table 3. Subsistence incidence among families in Marinduque (%): First Semester 2018 and 2021.

First Semester

Subsistence Incidence (%)

Coefficient of Variation

2021

6.2a/

13.5

2018u

4.2

16.6

                         a/ significant change; The increase or decrease of the poverty incidence among families between 2018u and 2021 is significant at 10% level of significance (α = 0.10).

                          Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

 

The subsistence incidence among Marinduqueños was estimated at 9.2 percent in the first semester of 2021 and 6.4 percent in the first semester of 2018. It refers to the proportion of Marinduqueños whose incomes fall below the food threshold.

Table 4. Subsistence incidence among individuals in Marinduque (%): First Semester 2018 and 2021.

First Semester

Subsistence Incidence (%)

Coefficient of Variation

2021

9.2a/

12.9

2018u

6.4

16.6

                         a/ significant change; The increase or decrease of the poverty incidence among families between 2018u and 2021 is significant at 10% level of significance (α = 0.10).

                          Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

 

In addition to the thresholds and incidences, the PSA also releases other poverty related statistics in the report such as the income gap, poverty gap and severity of poverty. The income gap measures the average income required by the poor in order to get out of poverty, expressed relative to the poverty threshold. The poverty gap refers to the income shortfall (expressed in proportion to the poverty threshold) of families with income below the poverty threshold, divided by the total number of families. The severity of poverty is the total of the squared income shortfall (expressed in proportion to the poverty threshold) of families with income below the poverty threshold, divided by the total number of families. This is a poverty measure that is sensitive to income distribution among the poor - the worse this distribution is, the more severe poverty is.

 

In the first semester of 2021, on average, incomes of poor families were short by 23.7 percent of the poverty threshold

Table 5. Income Gap, Poverty Gap and Severity of Poverty: First Semester 2018 and 2021.

 

Statistics

First Semester

2018u

2021

Income Gap

23.2

23.7a/

Poverty Gap

3.3

4.4a/

Severity of Poverty

1.2

1.5a/

                         a/ significant change; The increase or decrease of the poverty incidence among families between 2018u and 2021 is significant at 10% level of significance (α = 0.10).

                          Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

 

 

(Sgd.) GEMMA N. OPIS

Chief Statistical Specialist

Marinduque Provincial Statistical Office

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