|Data on deaths presented in this release were obtained from the Certificates of Death (Municipal Form No. 103) that were registered at the Office of the City/Municipal Civil Registrars all throughout the country and forwarded to the Philippine Statistics Authority. Information presented includes registered deaths which occurred from January to December 2019. Cumulative figures for 2019 reflect updated data which excludes fetal deaths present in the processing of regular deaths and may differ from preliminary counts previously published. Fetal deaths as well as deaths of Filipinos that occurred abroad which were reported to the Philippine Foreign Service Posts are presented in a separate report. Figures shown were not adjusted for under registration.|
An average of 46 registered deaths per day
Reported deaths in 2019 reached 16,944, an increase of 3.9 percent from the 16,313 registered deaths in 2018. This is equivalent to a crude death rate of 5.4, or about five (5) deaths per thousand population in 2019. This corresponds to an average of forty-six (46) deaths per day, which translates to two (2) deaths per hour in 2019.
The number of registered deaths from 2014 to 2019 showed an increasing trend except in the year 2017. The increase during the six-year period was 18.6 percent, from 14,288 in 2014 to 16,944 in 2019. (Figure 1 and Figure 2)
Figure 1. Number of Registered Deaths, MIMAROPA: 2014 - 2019
Figure 2. Percentage Change of Registered Deaths, MIMAROPA: 2014 - 2019
Highest number of deaths recorded in Oriental Mindoro
The top three provinces in terms of number of registered deaths by usual residence were Oriental Mindoro with 5,349 deaths (31.6 percent share), Palawan with 5,181 (30.6 percent), and Occidental Mindoro with 2,703 (16 percent). The combined share of these three provinces was 78.1 percent of the total registered deaths in 2019.
Figure 3. Percent Distribution of Registered Deaths by Usual Residence, MIMAROPA: 2019
On the other hand, the least number of registered deaths occurred in Marinduque with 1,533 deaths or 9 percent share.
Most number of deaths in October
The month of October recorded the highest number of deaths with 1,529 or 9 percent, while June had the least number with 1,301 or 7.7 percent share of the total deaths.
Figure 4. Number of Registered Deaths by Month of Occurrence, MIMAROPA: 2019
In terms of daily average, November recorded the highest with 50 deaths per day or 2 deaths per hour. On the other hand, months of June and July marked the least daily average number of deaths per day.
Figure 5. Daily Average of Registered Deaths by Month of Occurrence, MIMAROPA: 2019
Daily index refers to the increase/decrease from the overall daily average of event occurrences. In 2019, the months of March, April, June, July and August fall below the regional level index of 100. In other words, daily average deaths in these months were lower than the regional daily average of 46 deaths.
Five out of ten deaths were attended by health care provider
Attendant refers to a private physician, public health officer, hospital authority, or any other allied health care provider who provided medical attendance to the deceased. Out of 16,944 registered deaths 47.7 percent or 8,089 were medically attended.
Figure 6. Percent Distribution of Attended and Unattended Deaths, MIMAROPA: 2019
Technical Notes on Vital Statistics
Vital statistics are derived from information obtained at the time when the occurrences of vital events and their characteristics are inscribed in a civil register.
Vital acts and events are the births, deaths, fetal deaths, marriages, and all such events that have something to do with an individual's entrance and departure from life together with the changes in civil status that may occur to a person during his lifetime. Recording of these events in the civil register is known as vital or civil registration and the resulting documents are called vital records.
STRUCTURE OF VITAL STATISTICS SYSTEM
The production of vital statistics comprised of a system of operations in which the registration of vital events is an important component. The system begins with the registration followed by the processing and controlling of vital records and ends with the compilation and analysis of vital statistics.
Under Commonwealth Act (CA) 591, the Bureau of Census (now Philippine Statistics Authority) is mandated to generate general purpose statistics and to carry out and administer Act No. 3753.
Under the same law, the head of the PSA is also the Civil Registrar General (CRG) who directs and supervises the local civil registration activities in the country. The CRG in this regard is empowered to prepare and issue implementing rules and regulations on civil registration and to prepare and order printed the necessary forms for proper compliance.
The set-up of vital statistics system involves different entities and cuts across different departments and personalities.
For the registration of vital events, the Local Civil Registry Offices (LCROs), which are the registration units in the country and headed by the City/Municipal Civil Registrars (C/MCRs), are under the Local Government Units (LGUs). The hospitals, clinics, rural health units and similar institutions including barangay secretaries, practicing physicians, midwives, nurses, traditional midwives, solemnizing officers from various religious sects and denomination are required to assist in the reporting of vital events for registration at the LCROs. The concerned parents, next of kin, contracting parties, a witness or the person who has full knowledge of the occurrence of the event are also required to report the event, in default of the first mentioned set of informants.
The processing and controlling of vital documents are done at the LCROs and at the PSA Provincial and Central Offices.
The compilation and analysis of vital statistics is taken cared of by the PSA Central Office under the Vital Statistics Division of the Civil Registration and Central Support Office.
THE REGISTRATION METHOD
As mandated in Act 3753, all vital events that marked the entry and departure of a person in his lifetime and the changes in his/her civil status shall be registered. The registration method is defined as the continuous, permanents and compulsory recording of the occurrences and characteristics of vital events, primarily for their value as legal documents and secondary for their usefulness as a source of statistics.
Place where to register the event
As a general rule, the place of registration is the LCRO of the city of municipality where the vital events occur.
Out of town reporting of vital event occurs when the documents presented to the civil registrar of LCRO, which is not the place of occurrence, not for registration but to be forwarded to the civil registrar of LCRO where the event occurred and where it should be registered.
Forms to use
The civil register consists of certificates and the registry book. It also includes the actual copies of the registrable court decisions and the legal instruments concerning the civil status of persons. The certificates are loose-leaf forms in a set of four copies except for the Certificate of Foundling which is in a set of three.
Person who will report the event
The informant is the one who reports the event for registration and who gives information to be recorded in the civil register.
In case of live birth, the law requires the hospital or clinic administrator or his representative if the birth occurred in the hospital or clinic. If the birth occurred elsewhere, the attendant who may either be a physician, nurse, license midwife or traditional birth attendant makes the report. In default of the hospital authority, or the attendant, the responsibility of reporting the births devolves upon either or both parents or upon a person who has full knowledge of the facts of birth and filiation of the child.
For death occurrences, the report shall be made by the hospital or clinic administrator if the person dies in the hospital or clinic, or by attending physician or by the nearest relative or by any interested party who has knowledge of the occurrence of death. In all cases, the report shall be submitted to the Local Health Officer (LHO) who shall direct and order the C/MCR to enter the death in the civil register.
In case of marriages, the solemnizing officer is required by law to report the event. In default of the solemnizing officer, the duty is lodged upon contracting parties.
Period when to report the event
Live births shall be reported for registration to C/MCR not later than thirty (30) days from the date of birth.
Death or fetal death shall be reported to LHO within forty eight (48) hours from the time of death and the LHO shall direct or cause the registration to the C/MCR not later than thirty (30) days from date of death.
Marriages that require the issuance of marriages license shall be reported to C/MCR for registration not later than fifteen (15) days from date of marriage. However, marriages that do not require a license such as marriage at the point of death (Article 27); marriages in remote places (Article 28); marriages between members of ethnic cultural community (Article 33); and marriages between men and women who have lived together for at least five (5) years (Article 34), shall be reported not later than thirty (30) day after date of marriage.
Any report made to the LCROs beyond the reglementary period are considered late and can be entered only in the civil register after the informant complies with the requirements for delayed registration.
Operative Act of Registration
The C/MCR sees to it that appropriate form it used; form is properly and completely filled-up; and proper attachments are submitted. In case, the entries are found incomplete, the C/MCR has to require the person concerned to fill up the document completely or to correct the entries.
When the document is accepted for registration, the date of receipt is recorded in the space provided and the documents received for the day are entered immediately in the appropriate civil registry book, assigning therein the corresponding registry number. After registration entry/entries found erroneous can only be corrected through RA 9048, except sex, nationality, age and status which require court approval.
Distribution of registered documents
Upon registration, the C/MCR distributes the copies accordingly: the first copy to the informant; the second copy to the CRG; the third copy shall be retained by the LCRO; and the fourth copy to the attendant or solemnizing officer, as the case may be. The CRG copy is the source of vital statistics published in this report.
DEFINITION OF TERMS AND CONCEPTS
Significant terminologist and descriptions in the foregoing highlights and tables are defined below. Included are some items found in the certificates and summary measure used in describing the facts of events.
Death refers to the permanent disappearance of all evidence of life at any time after live birth has taken place (postnatal cessation of vital function without capability of resuscitation).
Crude Death Rate (CDR) refers to the number of deaths per 1,000 mid-year population.
Daily Average refers to the arithmetic mean of birth, death or marriage occurrences per day.
Daily Index is the increase/decrease from the overall daily average of event occurrences.
Usual Residence refers to the place where the person habitually or permanently resides.
Place of Occurrence refers to the place where the vital event took place.