Registered Live Births in MIMAROPA, 2019
Data on births presented in this release were obtained from the Certificates of Live Birth (Municipal Form No. 102) that were registered at the Office of the City/Municipal Civil Registrars all throughout MIMAROPA region and forwarded to the Philippine Statistics Authority. Information presented include registered births which occurred from January to December 2019. Cumulative figures for 2019 reflect updated data received from previous months and may differ from preliminary counts previously published.
Fifteen births per thousand population
In 2019, a total of 46,181 live births were registered in MIMAROPA, which is equivalent to a crude birth rate1 of 14.7 or 15 births per thousand population2.
On the average, about 126 babies were born daily or approximately five (5) babies born per hour in MIMAROPA region.
The number of registered live births by place of occurrence showed a generally decreasing trend, noticeably from 2015 to 2019. (Figure 1)
1 Crude Birth Rate refers to the number of live births per 1,000 mid-year population
2 Population estimate used was taken from the updated populations projections based on the 2015 census available at www.psa.gov.ph/statistics/census/projected-population
In the province of Marinduque, there were 3,552 registered live births which is equivalent to a crude birth rate of 14.8 or 15 births per thousand population in 2019. On the average, about 10 babies were born daily in Marinduque.
On the other hand, Occidental Mindoro recorded 8,234 live births in 2019. This is equivalent to a crude birth rate of 16.1 or 16 births per thousand population. About 23 babies were born daily in Occidental Mindoro on the average.
The province of Oriental Mindoro had a total of 13,835 live births in 2019 which is equivalent to a crude birth rate of 15.5 or 16 births per thousand population. On the average, 38 babies were born daily in the province.
In 2019, Palawan, including the Highly Urbanized City, Puerto Princesa City, registered 16,058 live births. The crude birth rate of Palawan is equivalent to 13.4 or 13 births per thousand population. The average number of babies being born daily is 44.
The number of registered live births in 2019 in the province of Romblon is 4,502 which is equivalent to a crude birth rate of 15 or 15 births per thousand population. On the average, 1 baby is born in every two hours in Romblon.
More males born than females
More males (23,988 or 51.9 percent) were born than females (22,193 or 48.1 percent) which resulted in a sex ratio3 of 108 males per 100 females in MIMAROPA in 2019. (Figure 2)
3Sex Ratio refers to the number of males per one hundred females.
In Marinduque, there were more males (1,858 or 52.3 percent) born than females (1,694 or 47.7 percent) which resulted in a sex ratio of 110 males per 100 females.
For the province of Occidental Mindoro, more males (4,367 or 53 percent) were born than females (3,867 or 47 percent). This translated to a sex ratio of 113 males for every 100 females.
Similarly, the province of Oriental Mindoro also exhibited more males (7,202 or 52.1 percent) born than females (6,633 or 47.9 percent). This translated to 109 of males per 100 females.
In the province of Romblon, more males (2,320 or 51.5 percent) were born than females (2,182 or 48.5 percent) which resulted to sex ratio of 106 males per 100 females.
Highest occurrence of births recorded in MIMAROPA
Of the total live births in MIMAROPA, 34.7 percent were born in Palawan (including Puerto Princesa City), 29.9 percent in Oriental Mindoro, 17.8 percent in Occidental Mindoro and 9.7 percent in Romblon. Among the provinces in the MIMAROPA region, Marinduque recorded the least number of birth occurrences with 7.69 percent share. (Figure 3)
There were also more males (8,241 or 51.3 percent) born in Palawan, including that of Puerto Princesa City. The total number of females born is 7,817 (48.7 percent). This is equivalent to 105 sex males for every 100 females population.
Most number of births registered in January
In 2019, most registered births occurred in January at 4,350 or 9.42 percent of the total births in the region. It was followed by the months of September (4,286 or 9.28 percent), October (4,108 or 8.9 percent), and November (4,039 or 8.75 percent). On the other hand, the month of February had the least number of births with only 3,449 or 7.47 percent share.
Table 1 shows the number of live births by month and place of occurrence in the provinces of MIMAROPA in 2019. Most number of birth occurred in the month of January in the provinces of Occidental Mindoro and Palawan. On the other hand, the most number of birth occurred in the month of September in the provinces of Marinduque, Oriental Mindoro and Romblon.
Technical Notes on Vital Statistics
Vital statistics are derived from information obtained at the time when the occurrences of vital events and their characteristics are inscribed in a civil register.
Vital acts and events are births, deaths, fetal deaths, marriages, and all such events that have something to do with an individual's entrance and departure from life together with the changes in civil status that may occur to a person during his lifetime. Recording of these events in the civil register is known as vital or civil registration and the resulting documents are called vital records.
STRUCTURE OF VITAL STATISTICS SYSTEM
The production of vital statistics comprised of a system of operations in which the registration of vital events is an important component. The system begins with the registration followed by the processing and controlling of vital records and ends with the compilation and analysis of vital statistics.
Under Commonwealth Act (CA) 591, the Bureau of Census (now Philippine Statistics Authority) is mandated to generate general purpose statistics and to carry out and administer Act No. 3753.
Under the same law, the head of the PSA is also the Civil Registrar General (CRG) who directs and supervises the local civil registration activities in the country. The CRG in this regard is empowered to prepare and issue implementing rules and regulations on civil registration and to prepare and order printed the necessary forms for proper compliance.
For the registration of vital events, the Local Civil Registry Offices (LCROs), which are the registration units in the country and headed by the City/Municipal Civil Registrars (C/MCRs), are under the Local Government Units (LGUs). The hospitals, clinics, rural health units and similar institutions including barangay secretaries, practicing physicians, midwives, nurses, traditional midwives, solemnizing officers from various religious sects and denomination are required to assist in the reporting of vital events for registration at the LCROs. The concerned parents, next of kin, contracting parties, a witness or the person who has full knowledge of the occurrence of the event are also required to report the event, in default of the first mentioned set of informants.
The processing and controlling of vital documents are done at the LCROs and at the PSA Provincial and Central Offices. The compilation and analysis of vital statistics is taken care of by the PSA Central Office under the Vital Statistics Division of the Civil Registration and Central Support Office.
THE REGISTRATION METHOD
As mandated in Act 3753, all vital events that marked the entry and departure of a person in his lifetime and the changes in his/her civil status shall be registered. The registration method is defined as the continuous, permanents and compulsory recording of the occurrences and characteristics of vital events, primarily for their value as legal documents and secondary for their usefulness as a source of statistics.
As a general rule, the place of registration is the LCRO of the city of municipality where the vital events occur. Out of town reporting of vital event occurs when the documents presented to the civil registrar of LCRO, which is not the place of occurrence, not for registration but to be forwarded to the civil registrar of LCRO where the event occurred and where it should be registered.
Forms to use
The civil register consists of certificates and the registry book. It also includes the actual copies of the registrable court decisions and the legal instruments concerning the civil status of persons. The certificates are loose-leaf forms in a set of four copies except for the Certificate of Foundling which is in a set of three.
Person who will report the event
The informant is the one who reports the event for registration and who gives information to be recorded in the civil register.
In case of live birth, the law requires the hospital or clinic administrator or his representative if the birth occurred in the hospital or clinic. If the birth occurred elsewhere, the attendant who may either be a physician, nurse, license midwife or traditional birth attendant makes the report. In default of the hospital authority, or the attendant, the responsibility of reporting the births devolves upon either or both parents or upon a person who has full knowledge of the facts of birth and filiation of the child.
Period when to report the event
Live births shall be reported for registration to C/MCR not later than thirty (30) days from the date of birth. Any report made to the LCROs beyond the reglementary period are considered late and can be entered only in the civil register after the informant complies with the requirements for delayed registration.
Operative Act of Registration
The C/MCR sees to it that appropriate form it used; form is properly and completely filled-up; and proper attachments are submitted. In case, the entries are found incomplete, the C/MCR has to require the person concerned to fill up the document completely or to correct the entries.
When the document is accepted for registration, the date of receipt is recorded in the space provided and the documents received for the day are entered immediately in the appropriate civil registry book, assigning therein the corresponding registry number. After registration entry/entries found erroneous can only be corrected through RA 9048, except sex, nationality, age and status which require court approval.
Distribution of registered documents
Upon registration, the C/MCR distributes the copies accordingly: the first copy to the informant; the second copy to the CRG; the third copy shall be retained by the LCRO; and the fourth copy to the attendant or solemnizing officer, as the case may be. The CRG copy is the source of vital statistics published in this report.
DEFINITION OF TERMS AND CONCEPTS
Significant terminologist and descriptions in the foregoing highlights and tables are defined below. Included are some items found in the certificates and summary measure used in describing the facts of events.
Live Birth is a complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of conception, irrespective of the duration of the pregnancy, which after such separation, breathes or shows any other evidence of life, such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles, whether or not the umbilical cord has been cut or the placenta is attached; each product of such a birth is considered liveborn.
Crude Birth Rate (CBR) refers to the number of live births per 1,000 mid-year population.
Sex Ratio refers to the number of males per one hundred females.
Place of Occurrence refers to the place where the vital event took place.