The data on the number of births, marriages, and deaths (vital events) presented in this special release were obtained from the vital events registered, either timely or belatedly, at the appropriate Office of the City/Municipal Civil Registrar throughout the country and subsequently submitted for encoding to the Office of the Civil Registrar General through the Provincial Statistical Offices (PSOs) of the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). The information presented includes the vital events that occurred from January to December 2021 based on data files received by the PSA - Civil Registration Service (CRS) from the PSOs as of 16 July 2021.
(1) Figures are results of actual registrations without any adjustment of under-registration. Civil Registration is a continuous process. Hence, there is a need to establish certain cut-off period. For registered vital events in 2021, the data is as of 13 August 2022 and is posted at www.psa.gov.ph.
Twelve births per thousand population
In 2021, a total of 38,371 live births were registered in MIMAROPA region, which is equivalent to a crude birth rate1 of 11.9 or 12 births per thousand population2. The number of registered live births showed a generally decreasing trend since 2015. That is, a decrease of 23.1 percent in the registered live births was noted from 49,904 in 2015 to 38,371 in 2021. The highest rate of decline in the total number of registered live births in the MIMAROPA Region was seen between 2020 and 2021, where a decrease of 9.9 percent was observed from 42,600 in 2020 to 38,700 in 2021. (Figure 1)
Figure 1. Number of Registered Live Births in MIMAROPA: 2011 - 2021
Highest number of births registered in Palawan
Of the total live births in the region, 28.7 percent were born in Palawan, with 10,997 live births, (Figure 2). This was followed by the province of Oriental Mindoro with 10,848 registered live births or 28.3 percent of the total live births in the region. On the other hand, Occidental Mindoro contributed 17.4 percent of the total live births in the region with 6,668 live births. The highly urbanized City of Puerto Princesa had 3,629 live births, Romblon with 3,480 live births, and Marinduque with 2,749 live births.
Figure 2. Registered Live Births by Province and
Highly Urbanized City, MIMAROPA: 2021
More males were born than females
In 2021, more males (19,918 or 51.9 percent) were born than females (18,453 or 48.1 percent), resulting in a sex ratio at birth3 of 108 males per 100 females. (Figure 3)
Likewise, more males were born than females in all provinces in the region. Also, more males were born in the City of Puerto Princesa, the only highly urbanized city in the region, with a sex ratio of 108. As for the provinces, Occidental Mindoro had the highest sex ratio with 109, Romblon with 107, sex ratio of Oriental Mindoro and Palawan were both 106, and Marinduque with a sex ratio of 105. (Table 1)
Table 1. Number of Registered Live Births by Sex and by Region, Province and Highly Urbanized City, MIMAROPA:
January - December 2021
Souce: Philippine Statistics Authority (Data on live births are those registred at the Office of the City/Municipal Registrars throughout the country and submitted to the Office of the Civil Registrar General; Certificate of Live Birth-Municipal Form No. 102)
Note: Figures are results of actual registration without any adjustment for under-registration.
Figure 3. Percent Distribution of Registered Live Births by Sex, MIMAROPA: 2021
(SGD) LENI R. RIOFLORIDO
1 Crude Birth Rate refers to the number of live births per 1,000 mid-year population
2 Population estimate used was taken from the updated populations projections based on the 2015 census available at ww.psa.gov.ph/statistics/census/projected-population
3Sex ratio at birth is the number of resident male live births (for a specific geography such as country, state or county for a specified time period, usually a calendar year) divided by the number of resident female live births (for the same geography and time period) and multiplied by 100 or 1,000.
TECHNICAL NOTES ON VITAL STATISTICS
Vital statistics are derived from information obtained at the time when the occurrences of vital events and their characteristics are inscribed in a civil register.
Vital acts and events are the births, deaths, fetal deaths, marriages, and all such events that have something to do with an individual's entrance and departure from life together with the changes in civil status that may occur to a person during his lifetime. Recording of these events in the civil register is known as vital or civil registration and the resulting documents are called vital records.
STRUCTURE OF VITAL STATISTICS SYSTEM
The production of vital statistics comprised of a system of operations in which the registration of vital events is an important component. The system begins with the registration followed by the processing and controlling of vital records and ends with the compilation and analysis of vital statistics.
Under Commonwealth Act (CA) 591, the Bureau of Census (now Philippine Statistics Authority) is mandated to generate general purpose statistics and to carry out and administer Act No. 3753.
Under the same law, the head of the PSA is also the Civil Registrar General (CRG) who directs and supervises the local civil registration activities in the country. The CRG in this regard is empowered to prepare and issue implementing rules and regulations on civil registration and to prepare and order printed the necessary forms for proper compliance.
The set-up of vital statistics system involves different entities and cuts across different departments and personalities.
For the registration of vital events, the Local Civil Registry Offices (LCROs), which are the registration units in the country and headed by the City/Municipal Civil Registrars (C/MCRs), are under the Local Government Units (LGUs). The hospitals, clinics, rural health units and similar institutions including barangay secretaries, practicing physicians, midwives, nurses, traditional midwives, solemnizing officers from various religious sects and denomination are required to assist in the reporting of vital events for registration at the LCROs. The concerned parents, next of kin, contracting parties, a witness or the person who has full knowledge of the occurrence of the event are also required to report the event, in default of the first mentioned set of informants.
The processing and controlling of vital documents are done at the LCROs and at the PSA Provincial and Central Offices. The compilation and analysis of vital statistics is taken care of by the PSA Central Office under the Vital Statistics Division of the Civil Registration and Central Support Office.
THE REGISTRATION METHOD
As mandated in Act 3753, all vital events that marked the entry and departure of a person in his lifetime and the changes in his/her civil status shall be registered. The registration method is defined as the continuous, permanents and compulsory recording of the occurrences and characteristics of vital events, primarily for their value as legal documents and secondary for their usefulness as a source of statistics.
Place where to register the event. As a general rule, the place of registration is the LCRO of the city of municipality where the vital events occur.
Out of town reporting of vital event occurs when the documents presented to the civil registrar of LCRO, which is not the place of occurrence, not for registration but to be forwarded to the civil registrar of LCRO where the event occurred and where it should be registered.
Forms to use. The civil register consists of certificates and the registry book. It also includes the actual copies of the registrable court decisions and the legal instruments concerning the civil status of persons. The certificates are loose-leaf forms in a set of four copies except for the Certificate of Foundling which is in a set of three.
Person who will report the event. The informant is the one who reports the event for registration and who gives information to be recorded in the civil register.
In case of live birth, the law requires the hospital or clinic administrator or his representative if the birth occurred in the hospital or clinic. If the birth occurred elsewhere, the attendant who may either be a physician, nurse, license midwife or traditional birth attendant makes the report. In default of the hospital authority, or the attendant, the responsibility of reporting the births devolves upon either or both parents or upon a person who has full knowledge of the facts of birth and filiation of the child.
Period when to report the event. Live births shall be reported for registration to C/MCR not later than thirty (30) days from the date of birth.
Any report made to the LCROs beyond the reglementary period are considered late and can be entered only in the civil register after the informant complies with the requirements for delayed registration.
Operative Act of Registration. The C/MCR sees to it that appropriate form it used; form is properly and completely filled-up; and proper attachments are submitted. In case, the entries are found incomplete, the C/MCR has to require the person concerned to fill up the document completely or to correct the entries.
When the document is accepted for registration, the date of receipt is recorded in the space provided and the documents received for the day are entered immediately in the appropriate civil registry book, assigning therein the corresponding registry number. After registration entry/entries found erroneous can only be corrected through RA 9048, except sex, nationality, age, and status which require court approval.
Distribution of registered documents. Upon registration, the C/MCR distributes the copies accordingly: the first copy to the informant; the second copy to the CRG; the third copy shall be retained by the LCRO; and the fourth copy to the attendant or solemnizing officer, as the case may be. The CRG copy is the source of vital statistics published in this report.
DEFINITION OF TERMS AND CONCEPTS
Significant terminologist and descriptions in the foregoing highlights and tables are defined below. Included are some items found in the certificates and summary measure used in describing the facts of events.
Live Birth is a complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of conception, irrespective of the duration of the pregnancy, which after such separation, breathes or shows any other evidence of life, such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles, whether or not the umbilical cord has been cut or the placenta is attached; each product of such a birth is considered live born.